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Table 4 Adjusted mean values (± SE) of LDL particle sizes

From: Low-density lipoprotein particle size in hepatic steatosis and metabolic syndrome

  Control HS alone HS with MetS P value (Between groups) P value (Linear trend)
LDL peak particle size, nm      
   Model 1 27.6 ± 0.1 27.2 ± 0.1* 26.8 ± 0.2** 0.001 < 0.001
   Model 2 27.6 ± 0.1 27.3 ± 0.1 26.9 ± 0.2** 0.009 0.003
LDL I (27.2~28.5 nm), %      
   Model 1 30.8 ± 0.6 27.9 ± 0.7* 25.9 ± 1.1** 0.001 0.001
   Model 2 30.5 ± 0.6 28.0 ± 0.7* 26.7 ± 1.0* 0.005 0.004
LDL III, (24.2~25.5 nm), %      
   Model 1 19.3 ± 0.4 20.8 ± 0.5 22.2 ± 0.8** 0.006 0.002
   Model 2 19.5 ± 0.4 20.8 ± 0.5 21.7 ± 0.7* 0.026 0.013
  1. Model 1 included age, sex, alcohol drinking (≥20g/d), smoking, BMI, and HOMA-IR.
  2. Model 2 included variables in the model 1 plus total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and apo B.
  3. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01; compared with the control (Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons).