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Table 1 Characteristics of the patients

From: Insulin resistance and triglyceride/HDLc index are associated with coronary artery disease

Characteristics N = 131 No CAD N = 57 CAD N = 74 p
Age (years) 55.3 ± 10.0 60.3 ± 10.5 0.006
Male (%) 20 (33.9) 49 (64.5) < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 29.8 ± 5.5 27.0 ± 4.4 0.002
Systolic BP (mmHg) 140.4 ± 26.6 140.1 ± 22.4 0.950
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 86.3 ± 17.2 84.3 ± 12.1 0.450
Diabetes Mellitus (%) 15 (25.8) 36 (48.6) 0.005
Arterial Hypertension (%) 40 (68.9) 52 (72.2) 0.650
Smokers (%) 12 (20.3) 25 (34.7) 0.069
Statin users (%) 9 ( 15.2) 15 ( 19.7) 0.499
Oral anti-diabetic agents (%) 5 (8.8) 9 (12.1) 0.482
Physically active (% of total) 12 (20.6 ) 25 ( 32.9 ) 0.114
HbA1c (%) 5.9 ± 0.9 6.2 ± 1.1 0.180
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 101.1 ± 33.3 117.7 ± 48.7 0.027
LDLc (mg/dl) 117.2 ± 33.1 121.1 ± 37.3 0.064
HDLc (mg/dl) 49.8 ± 11.7 45.7 ± 10.5 0.036
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 143.0 (95.0-208.0) 170.0 (106.7-219.5) 0.134
C-Reactive Protein (mg/dl) 3.04 ± 2.05 3.24 ± 2.25 0.636
Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 0.96 ± 0.22 1.08 ± 0.35 0.029
Fibrinogen (mg/dl) 336.9 ± 81.2 357.6 ± 97.3 0.488
  1. Data expressed as mean and standard deviation or n (%), except for triglycerides, which is presented as median and p25-p75 range. CAD = coronary artery disease group, No CAD = absence of coronary disease group, BMI = body mass index; BP = Blood pressure; LDL-c = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDLc = high-density lipoprotein; HbA1c = Glycated hemoglobin. Physically active individuals were defined as those who performed at least 150 min of moderate/intense exercise per week.