Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the cohort according to glucose tolerance status (IA = normal glucose tolerance; IB = Impaired glycemic profile; IIA = Impaired 100 g OGTT; IIB = Impaired 100 g OGTT and glycemic profile).

From: Association between different levels of dysglycemia and metabolic syndrome in pregnancy

Variables Groups p-value
  IA IB IIA IIB  
Number 46 40 17 33  
Age (years) 28.7 ± 5.2 28.8 ± 6.4 31.4 ± 5.0 33.1 ± 5.6 0.002(1)
White (%) 89.1 77.5 82.4 60.6 0.025(2)
Education level (school years) 12.0 ± 3.6 10.7 ± 4.7 9.5 ± 4.6 7.1 ± 5.4 <0.001(3)
Family income 9.7 ± 5.4 7.7 ± 5.8 8.3 ± 5.4 3.5 ± 3.6 <0.001(4)
Diabetes in first degree relatives (%) 70.5 67.5 82.4 78.8 0.556
Smoking (%) 21.7 27.5 35.3 27.3 0.743
Maternal birth weight (g)* 3429 ± 617 3406 ± 480 3180 ± 808 2965 ± 757 0.042(5)
Maternal birth length (cm)* 48.9 ± 2.2 48.7 ± 1.9 47.6 ± 2.3 47.1 ± 3.5 0.05(6)
Maternal ponderal index* 2.8 ± 0.2 2.8 ± 0.2 2.9 ± 0.2 3.0 ± 0.6 0.224
  1. (1) p < 0.05 IIB vs IA, IB;
  2. (2) p < 0.01 IA vs IIB;
  3. (3) p < 0.05 IIB vs IB, IIA, IA; IB vs IA;
  4. (4) p < 0.01 IA vs IIB; IB vs IIB; IIA vs IIB;
  5. (5) p < 0.05 IIB vs IB, IA;
  6. (6) p < 0.05 IIB vs IA.
  7. * Maternal weight, length and ponderal index at birth