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Table 1 Baseline Samples Characteristics

From: Risk factors for cognitive decline in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Brazil: a prospective observational study

Characteristics N (134)
Mean ± SD/%/Median (IQR)*
Age (years) 61.5 ± 9.9
Education (school years) 7.5 ± 4.3
DM duration (years) 12.5 ± 8.3
Female (%) 52.2
White Race (%) 79.1
Married / Steady Union (%) 61.9
Physically Active (%) 30.6
Smoker/Former smoker (%) 42.5
Alcoholic/Former alcoholic (%) 33.6
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 79.6 ± 11.3
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 129.4 ± 17.8
BMI (Kg/m2) 30.6 ± 4.9
Abdominal circumference (cm) 103.7 ± 12.2
Neck circumference (cm) 39.4 ± 4.2
Arterial hypertension (%) 79.1
Dyslipidemia (%) 92.5
Hypothyroidism (%) 28.4
Hyperthyroidism (%) 3.7
Cardiovascular disease (%) 28.4
Diabetic Retinopathy (%) 44.4
Macular edema (%) 11.1
Diabetic Neuropathy (%) 19.4
DM kidney disease (%) 47.7
Severe hypoglycemia (%) 21.6
Depression/Anxiety 17.9
PHQ-9 score > 9 (%) 39.6
Insulin Use (%) 61.9
Statins Use (%) 79.7
Urea (mg/dl) * 39.0(17.0)
Creatinine (mg/dl)* 0.9(0.4)
eGFR (ml/min/1.73m2) * 83.3(31.8)
Blood glucose (mg/dl)* 147.0(71.2)
HbA1c (%)* 7.8(2.3)
ACR (mg/g creatinine) * 17.7(49.6)
TSH (mU/L)* 2.1(1.7)
Free T4 (ng/dl) 1.1 ± 0.3
Triglycerides (mg/dl)* 153.0(119.0)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)* 42.0(13.0)
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)* 160.0(57.0)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)* 84.0(39.5)
Vitamin B12 (pg/ml)* 340.0(286.0)
  1. SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range*, DM: diabetes mellitus, BMI: body mass index, PHQ-9: patient health questionnaire-9, eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate, ACR: albumin-to-creatinine ratio, TSH: thyroid stimulating hormone, T4: thyroxine, HDL cholesterol: high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL cholesterol: low density lipoprotein cholesterol