Skip to main content

Table 4 Association of biscuit consumption with DR prevalence in subgroups of confounders

From: Biscuit consumption and diabetic retinopathy incidence in adults in the United States

  OR (95% CI) P-value P trend P interaction
Never ate 1–11 times per year 1–3 times per month  ≥ 1 times per week
Sex
 Male Reference 1.388 (0.678, 2.845) 0.370 1.702 (0.788, 3.677) 0.176 2.434 (1.066, 5.561) 0.035 0.021 0.597
 Female Reference 2.957 (1.026, 8.520) 0.045 2.029 (0.658, 6.254) 0.218 2.577 (0.799, 8.312) 0.113 0.585
Ethnicity
 Hispanic Reference 1.851 (0.534, 6.410) 0.331 0.825 (0.194, 3.501) 0.794 1.382 (0.299, 6.398) 0.679 0.673 0.529
 Non-Hispanic Reference 1.811 (0.923, 3.555) 0.084 2.209 (1.084, 4.501) 0.029 2.689 (1.262, 5.728) 0.010 0.009
BMI (kg/m2)
  < 25 Reference 0.937 (0.332, 2.644) 0.902 0.943 (0.291, 3.060) 0.923 0.550 (0.141, 2.151) 0.391 0.421 0.136
  ≥ 25 Reference 2.759 (1.295, 5.879) 0.009 2.768 (1.244, 6.159) 0.013 4.376 (1.898, 10.086) 0.0005 0.002
  1. Boldface indicates statistical significance. 
  2. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; BMI, body mass index.