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Table 1 South Asian patient population by study site, 2014–2019*

From: Diabetes and hypertension among South Asians in New York and Atlanta leveraging hospital electronic health records

Characteristic Women Men
  Atlanta (n = 14,916) New York City (n = 50,815) Atlanta (n = 11,825) New York City (n = 39,322)
South Asian inclusion criteria, n (%)
 South Asian surname 14,916 (100) 43,520 (85.6) 11,825 (100) 34,085 (86.7)
 South Asian race/ethnicity   15,730 (31.0)   13,393 (34.1)
 South Asian language   2408 (4.7)   1424 (3.6)
 South Asian surname and race/ethnicity   8995 (17.7)   8452 (21.5)
 South Asian surname and language   1952 (3.8)   1191 (3.0)
 South Asian surname, language, and race/ethnicity   1200 (2.4)   749 (1.9)
   1000 (2.0)   647 (1.6)
Age, mean (SD) 56.9 (18.3) 48.8 (17.4) 60.2 (17.5) 49.0 (17.0)
Race/ethnicity, n (%)
 American Indian or Alaska Native 298 (2.0) 317 (0.6) 271 (2.3) 228 (0.6)
 Asian 3088 (20.7) 18,607 (36.5) 2786 (23.6) 15,375 (39.1)
 Black or African American 3488 (23.4) 4187 (8.2) 1872 (15.8) 2509 (6.4)
 Hispanic or Latino 4 (0.03) n/a 3 (0.03) n/a
 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 129 (0.9) 296 (0.6) 82 (0.7) 171 (0.4)
 White 4661 (31.2) 9268 (18.2) 3526 (29.8) 6472 (16.5)
 Other 141 (0.9) 9298 (18.3) 135 (1.1) 7766 (19.8)
 Unknown 3107 (20.8) 8813 (17.4) 3150 (26.6) 6761 (17.2)
Language spoken
 Bengali 102 (0.7) 1005 (2.0) 53 (0.4) 728 (1.9)
 English 11,400 (76.4) 44,658 (87.9) 8764 (74.1) 35,404 (90.0)
 Gujarati 89 (0.6) 80 (0.2) 56 (0.5) 37 (0.09)
 Hindi 155 (1.0) 443 (0.9) 109 (0.9) 242 (0.6)
 Kannada 0 (0.0) 1 (0.01) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Malayalam 6 (0.04) 35 (0.07) 4 (0.03) 17 (0.04)
 Nepali 65 (0.4) 89 (0.18) 51 (0.4) 73 (0.2)
 Punjabi 13 (0.09) 144 (0.28) 0 (0.0) 95 (0.24)
 Tamil n/a 17 (0.03) n/a 9 (0.02)
 Urdu 68 (0.5) 772 (1.5) 32 (0.3) 333 (0.9)
 Other 449 (3.0) 3569 (7.0) 1122 (9.5) 2382 (6.0)
 Not recorded 2569 (17.2) 0 (0.0) 2458 (20.8) 0 (0.0)
Insurance status
 Medicare 3326 (22.3) 6048 (11.9) 2742 (23.2) 5017 (12.8)
 Medicaid 932 (6.2) 9817 (19.3) 502 (4.2) 6783 (17.3)
 Private Insurance (HMO, PPO, POS, Indemnity, EPO, Managed Care) 9915 (66.5) 33,159 (65.3) 7838 (66.3) 25,556 (65.0)
 Other (self pay, workers comp, no fault, child health plus) 743 (5.0) 465 (0.9) 743 (6.3) 760 (1.9)
 Missing n/a 1326 (2.6) n/a 1206 (3.1)
Smoke cigarettes, n (%)     
 Yes 765 (5.1) 3470 (6.8) 1113 (9.4) 6546 (16.7)
 No 11,274 (75.6) 46,768 (92.0) 8597 (57.6) 32,277 (82.1)
 Missing/NA 2877 (19.3) 577 (1.1) 2115 (14.2) 499 (1.3)
  1. *All variables were collected using electronic health record