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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics according to the presence or absence of MetS

From: The product of waist and neck circumference outperforms traditional anthropometric indices in identifying metabolic syndrome in Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Total (n = 2017) Male (n = 1336) Female (n = 681)
MetS
(n = 1575)
Non-MetS
(n = 442)
MetS
(n = 1038)
Non-MetS
(n = 298)
MetS
(n = 537)
Non-MetS
(n = 144)
Age (year) 50.2 ± 11.7 51.5 ± 10.7 48.5 ± 11.5 50.8 ± 10.8 53.3 ± 11.5 53.0 ± 10.6
Duration (year) 0.6 (0.1–6.9) 1.5 (0.1–8.2) 0.4 (0.1–6.2) 1.2 (0.1–7.6) 1.4 (0.1–8.4) 1.9 (0.2–9.9)
PWNC (cm2) 3862 ± 481** 3065 ± 405 3996 ± 445** 3221 ± 347 3603 ± 440** 2741 ± 314
BMI (kg/m2) 26.8 ± 3.5** 22.6 ± 2.5 27.0 ± 3.3** 22.8 ± 2.4 26.5 ± 3.7** 22.0 ± 2.5
WC (cm) 95.3 ± 6.9** 84.3 ± 6.5 96.2 ± 6.7** 85.5 ± 6.1 93.6 ± 7.0** 81.9 ± 6.4
NC (cm) 40.5 ± 2.9** 36.2 ± 3.0 41.5 ± 2.4** 37.6 ± 2.4 38.4 ± 2.6** 33.4 ± 2.1
WHR 0.97 ± 0.04** 0.92 ± 0.05 0.97 ± 0.03** 0.92 ± 0.05 0.96 ± 0.04** 0.91 ± 0.06
SBP (mmHg) 132 ± 17** 121 ± 14 132 ± 16* 121 ± 16 134 ± 18** 120 ± 12
DBP (mmHg) 79 ± 10** 73 ± 9 80 ± 10* 74 ± 9 77 ± 10* 71 ± 8
HbA1c (%) 8.3 (7.1–10.0) 8.1 (6.8–10.6) 8.4 (7.0–10.1) 8.3 (6.8–10.8) 8.1 (7.1–9.8) 8.0 (6.9–9.9)
FPG (mmol/L) 7.8 (6.5–9.6)** 7.0 (5.9–8.9) 7.8 (6.5–9.6)** 7.0 (5.9–8.7) 7.8 (6.5–9.5)* 7.1 (5.9–9.3)
2hPG (mmol/L) 13.9 (10.9–17.2)* 13.1 (10.1–17.5) 13.7 (10.7–17.0) 13.2 (10.2–17.5) 14.0 (11.2–17.1)* 12.9 (9.7–17.8)
FINS (pmol/L) 69 (50–93)** 32 (21–44) 69 (50–91)** 31 (21–44) 68 (48–95)** 32 (21–45)
HOMA-IR 4.09 (3.03–5.70)** 1.69 (1.18–2.25) 4.05 (3.05–5.62)** 1.76 (1.19–2.21) 4.18 (2.99–6.11)** 1.62 (1.13–2.33)
TC (mmol/L) 4.83 ± 1.30* 4.67 ± 1.10 4.80 ± 1.31** 4.56 ± 1.10 4.89 ± 1.28 4.90 ± 1.06
TG (mmol/L) 1.86 (1.31–2.64)** 1.13 (0.88–1.43) 1.92 (1.36–2.79)** 1.12 (0.85–1.42) 1.72 (1.23–2.41)** 1.15 (0.90–1.45)
HDL-C (mmol/L) 0.94 (0.82–1.11)** 1.13 (1.05–1.33) 0.90 (0.79–1.03)** 1.10 (0.99–1.25) 1.04 (0.90–1.22)** 1.24 (1.09–1.43)
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.87 ± 0.91 2.75 ± 0.92 2.85 ± 0.90 2.74 ± 0.94 2.91 ± 0.91 2.78 ± 0.88
  1. Continuous variables are presented as the mean ± 1 standard deviation or median (interquartile range). MetS Metabolic syndrome, BMI Body mass index, HbA1c Glycated haemoglobin A1c, WC Waist circumference, NC Neck circumference, PWNC Product of waist circumference and neck circumference, WHR Waist-hip ratio, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, FPG Fasting plasma glucose, 2hPG 2-h postprandial glucose, FINS Fasting insulin level, HOMA-IR Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, TC Total cholesterol, TGs Triglycerides, HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. For the subjects: *P < 0.05, MetS vs. non-MetS; **P < 0.01, MetS vs. non-MetS
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