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Table 5 Comparison of the validity of different diabetes screening strategies

From: Performance of diabetes screening tests: an evaluation study of Iranian diabetes screening program

Reference number Country Population screened Screening test Sensitivity (%) Specificity (%) Cut-point AUC%
  Current study People over 30 years of age with BMI > 30 whist circumference ≥ 100 for men or ≥ 86 cm for women, (n = 1057) Capillary fasting blood glucose with glucometer 69.0 95.7 116.5 90.2
  Current study The same as above Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) 84.5 79.3 7.2% 92.5
[42] India People over 20 years of age (n = 2350) Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) 93.3 92.3 6.4% 96.0
[43] USA People over 30 years of age (n = 5395) Gglycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) 43.0 99.2 6.5% 86.0
[23] Thailand People over 35 years of age and older (n = 669) Capillary fasting blood glucose with glucometer 45.6 96.3 91.0% 75.0
[23] Thailand People over 35 years of age and older (n = 669) Capillary fasting blood glucose with glucometer 81.4 97.8 101 89.0
[44] South Africa People over 16 years of age and older (n = 946) Fasting blood glucose 50.0 95.0 6.1 85.0
[45] South Africa People over 18 years of age (n = 1190) Gglycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) 74.1 98.1 6.0 95.0%
[27] Arab and European population (meta-analysis)   Gglycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) 42.0 97.0 6.5 84.0%
  1. BMI body mass index