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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of 995 participants 30-75 year old across quartiles of nutrient patternsa (n = 995)

From: A nutrient pattern characterized by vitamin A, C, B6, potassium, and fructose is associated with reduced risk of insulin‐related disorders: A prospective study among participants of Tehran lipid and glucose study

  Pattern 1 Pattern 2 Pattern 3 Pattern 4 Pattern 5
Q 1 (n = 244) Q 4 (n = 259) Q 1 (n = 244) Q 4 (n = 259) Q 1 (n = 242) Q 4 (n = 256) Q 1 (n = 246) Q 4 (n = 252) Q 1 (n = 229) Q 4 (n = 273)
Age (years) 45.3 ± 10.7 47.9 ± 11.2 45.8 ± 10.1 46.7 ± 11.3 45.4 ± 11.0 46.4 ± 11.4 45.3 ± 9.9 46.9 ± 11.8 45.2 ± 10.5 47.9 ± 11.4
Men (%) 37.1 51.5 50.5 37.8 49.8 40.5 33.2 59.5 53.5 37.9
Body mass index (kg.m2) 27.9 ± 4.4 28.3 ± 5.1 27.9 ± 4.8 28.0 ± 4.6 27.8 ± 4.8 27.8 ± 4.8 27.9 ± 4.6 27.4 ± 4.8 27.4 ± 4.2 28.4 ± 4.7
Smoking (%) 16.1 12.3 17.0 11.1 14.0 12.9 11.7 17.9 18.0 9.0
Physical activity (MET.h.wk) 27.3 (12.2–57.6) 27.7 (11.4–58.0) 27.8 (10.4–65.9) 27.7 (11.6–64.0) 27.8 (12.1–68.8) 27.8 (12.5–57.6) 27.3 (12.5–55.0) 27.8 (11.9–61.0) 27.8 (11.8–58.2) 26.5 (12.4–57.9)
Marital status (% of married) 62.9 56.7 59.9 63.0 64.3 59.5 65.2 58.8 59.0 56.2
Education levels (higher than diploma) 30.8 30.2 26.7 30.9 35.3 30.3 30.5 31.3 30.9 28.3
Employment status (employed, %) 70.5 64.6 71.3 71.4 73.6 70.5 72.7 67.9 68.2 63.8
Diabetes status (%) 4.5 14.9 4.9 11.5 6.8 9.8 9.0 8.8 6.9 11.4
Glucose lowering drug consumption (%) 3.1 9.0 3.6 7.3 4.7 6.8 5.5 5.0 4.1 6.9
Family history of diabetes (%) 16.1 16.8 15.0 18.7 20.0 17.4 18.0 14.1 14.3 16.9
Biochemical factors
 Insulin (μU/mL) 8.7 ± 5.2 9.6 ± 7.4 9.8 ± 6.5 9.2 ± 6.5 8.6 ± 4.7 9.9 ± 7.5 8.5 ± 4.6 9.5 ± 6.0 9.0 ± 6.3 9.5 ± 6.3
 Fasting Blood Sugar (mg/dl) 89.5 ± 19 99.1 ± 34.3 94.1 ± 26.9 96.1 ± 32.1 92.1 ± 22.8 94.8 ± 30.0 93.4 ± 26.8 95.5 ± 27.3 93.9 ± 29.2 96.1 ± 30.4
 HOMA-S 71.1 ± 40.5 66.0 ± 46.3 65.9 ± 53.7 64.0 ± 36.1 70.5 ± 50.3 62.0 ± 36.3 72.9 ± 54.6 64.3 ± 40.8 72.7 ± 55.5 62.5 ± 36.5
 HOMA-IR 2.0 ± 1.5 2.5 ± 3.3 2.4 ± 2.3 2.4 ± 3.1 2.04 ± 1.7 2.5 ± 3.2 2.0 ± 1.7 2.3 ± 2.0 2.3 ± 2.9 2.4 ± 2.7
  1. aData represented as mean ± SD or median (interquartile 25–75) and percent
  2. P for trend:  < 0.001;  < 0.05. P trend was calculated using general linear models for continuous variables or Chi square tests for categorical variables