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Table 2 Dietary behaviors and lifestyle-related characteristics of the subject according to different metabolic phenotypes of obesity

From: Association of dietary behaviors, biochemical, and lifestyle factors with metabolic phenotypes of obesity in children and adolescents

Characteristics MHO (n = 340) MUO (n = 68) P value
Birth weight (%)
 < 2500 gr 7.69 (5.75–10.21) 13.64 (7.81–22.74) 0.04
 2500–4000 gr 76.04 (71.21–80.28) 66.67 (55.36–76.33)
 > 4000 gr 16.27 (9.06–23.48) 19.69 (9.37–30.01)
Breastfeeding duration (%)
 < 6 month 14.24 (10.21–19.52) 4.478 (1.34–13.85) 0.04
 ≥ 6 month 85.76 (80.48–89.79) 95.52 (86.15–98.65)
Breakfast consumption (%)
 Non skipper 86.57 (81.63–90.33) 81.82 (68.72–90.21) 0.18
 Skipper 13.43 (9.66–18.37) 18.18 (9.78–31.28)
Eating speed of student (%)
 Slow 30.27 (24.87–36.28) 23.53 (14.17–36.45) 0.49
 Average 51.63 (45.76–57.46) 54.41 (41.33–66.91)
 Fast 18.1 (14.55–22.29) 22.06 (13.34, 34.23)
When eating food? (%)
 By child request 77.48 (69.25–84.01) 65.67 (53.98–75.73) 0.04
 By parents request 22.52 (15.99–30.75) 34.33 (24.27–46.02)
Physical activity (%)
 High 43.28 (38.61–48.08) 39.71 (26.7–54.36) 0.62
 Low 56.72 (51.92–61.39) 60.29 (45.64–73.3)
Sweetened beverage (%)
 Non daily 88.1 (83.35–91.63) 85.07 (75.49–91.34) 0.50
 Daily 11.9 (8.375, 16.65) 14.93 (8.659–24.51)
Fresh fruit consumption (%)
 Daily 60.26 (52.93–67.17) 62.71 (52.2–72.14) 0.68
 Non daily 39.74 (32.83–47.07) 37.29 (27.86–47.8)
Vegetable consumption (%)
 Daily 31.85 (26.29–37.97) 33.82 (20.48–50.35) 0.80
 Non daily 68.15 (62.03–73.71) 66.18 (49.65–79.52)
Milk consumption (%)
 Daily 36.76 (31.22–42.68) 42.65 (31.68–54.39) 0.38
 Non daily 63.24 (57.32–68.78) 57.35 (45.61–68.32)
Fast food consumption (%)
 Non daily 89.71 (85.56–92.76) 83.58 (69.32–91.98) 0.21
 Daily 10.29 (7.24–14.44) 16.42 (8.018–30.68)
Sweet consumption (%)
 Non daily 81.18 (76.81–84.88) 76.47 (67.89–83.32) 0.30
 Daily 18.82 (15.12–23.19) 23.53 (16.68–32.11)
Salty snack consumption (%)
 Non daily 95.55 (92.21–97.5) 85.29 (70.7–93.31) 0.008
 Daily 4.451 (2.504–7.79) 14.71 (6.693–29.3)
Watching TV (hours/day) 1.97 (1.86–2.09) 1.94 (1.69–2.18) 0.78
Working PC (hours/day) 0.59 (0.48–0.70) 0.52 (0.28–0.75) 0.54
Screen time (hours/day) 1.28 (1.19–1.37) 1.23 (1.06–1.39) 0.53
Sleep duration (hours/day) 8.55 (8.40–8.70) 8.40 (8.13–8.67) 0.38