Skip to main content

Table 3 Univariate analysis of population characteristics associated with high blood glucose levels, Brazil, 2018

From: Prevalence of people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and the involvement of community pharmacies in a national screening campaign: a pioneer action in Brazil

Variables Blood glucose (mg/dL)* PR (CI95%) p value
Normal (n/%) High (n/%)
Gender
 Male 8720 (60.9) 1734 (53.5)   
 Female 5595 (39.1) 1507 (46.5) 1.3 (1.2 − 1.4) 0.01
Age (years)
 20–45 7486 (52.3) 913 (29.2)   
 45–54 2655 (18.5) 716 (22.1) 1.9 (1.8 − 2.1) 0.01
 55–64 2357 (16.5) 827 (25.5) 2.4 (2.2 − 2.6) 0.01
 65–79 1817 (12.7) 785 (24.2) 2.8 (2.6 − 3.0) 0.01
Body mass index
  < 25 5220 (35.5) 782 (24.1)   
 25–30 5595 (39.1) 1326 (40.9) 1.5 (1.4 − 1.6) 0.01
  > 30 3500 (24.5) 1133 (35.0) 1.9 (1.7 − 2.0) 0.01
Abdominal circumference (cm)
 ♂ < 94 or ♀ < 80 4491 (31.4) 635 (19.6)   
 ♂ 94–102 or ♀ 80–88 3518 (24.6) 760 (23.4) 1.4 (1.3 − 1.6) 0.01
 ♂ > 102 or ♀ > 88 6306 (44.0) 1846 (57.0) 1.8 (1.7 − 2.0) 0.01
Color
 White 6821 (47.6) 1489 (45.9)   
 Brown 5471 (38.2) 1200 (37.0) 1.0 (0.9 − 1.1) 0.91
 Black 156 (1.1) 36 (1.1) 1.0 (0.8 − 1.4) 0.77
 Yellow 1754 (12.3) 491 (15.2) 1.2 (1.1 − 1.3) 0.01
 Indigenous 44 (0.3) 8 (0.3) 0.8 (0.4 − 1.6) 0.64
 Uninformed 69 (0.5) 17 (0.5) 1.1 (0.7 − 1.7) 0.65
Educational level (years)
  ≥ 15 4644 (32.4) 734 (22.7)   
 11 − 14 4347 (30.4) 752 (23.2) 1.1 (1.0 − 1.2) 0.10
 8 − 10 2498 (17.4) 665 (20.5) 1.5 (1.4 − 1.7) 0.01
 4 − 7 2143 (15.0) 791 (24.4) 2.3 (2.1 − 2.6) 0.01
 1 − 3 123 (0.9) 49 (1.5) 2.5(1.8 − 3.5) 0.01
 Illiterate 560 (3.9) 250 (7.7) 2.8 (2.4 − 3.3) 0.01
Practice of physical activity
 Yes 4608 (32.2) 964 (29.7)   
 No 9707 (67.8) 2277 (70.3) 1.1 (1.0 − 1.2) 0.01
Consumption of vegetables and/or fruits
 Every day 8216 (57.4) 1796 (55.4)   
 Do not eat every day 6099 (42.6) 1445 (44.6) 1.1 (1.0 − 1.1) 0.04
Diagnosis or use of medicines for hypertension
 No 10,362 (72.4) 1787 (55.1)   
 Yes 3953 (27.6) 1454 (44.9) 1.8 (1.7 − 1.9) 0.01
High blood glucose in the past
 No 12,533 (87.5) 2243 (69.2)   
 Yes 1782 (12.5) 998 (30.8) 2.4 (2.2 − 2.5) 0.01
Family member with type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus
 No 6159 (43.0) 1204 (37.1)   
 Yes (grandparents, uncles, cousins) 3228 (22.5) 505 (15.6) 0.8 (0.7 − 0.9) 0.01
 Yes: (parents, siblings or children) 4928 (34.4) 1532 (47.3) 1.4 (1.3 − 1.5) 0.01
  1. *Glycemia considered normal. fasting < 100 mg/dL or casual < 140 mg/dL. Results excluding 24 patients with blood glucose results < 70 mg/dL. ♂—Male; ♀—Female