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Table 1 Participants, intervention, comparators, outcomes, study design (PICOS) criteria for inclusion of studies

From: Association of dietary inflammatory potential with cardiometabolic risk factors and diseases: a systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis of observational studies

Population All population
Intervention The DII score
Comparison The higher DII score vs. the lower DII score
Outcome Risk of cardiometabolic diseases and mortality
Study design Observational studies