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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariable analysis of possible predictors for medication non-adherence in patients with T2D on follow up in Ethiopia, 2019

From: Predictors of poor adherence to antidiabetic therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study insight from Ethiopia

Covariates Subcategories Adherence level Odds Ratio (95% CI) P-value
Adherent, n (%) Non-adherent, n (%) Crude Adjusted
Sex Male 135 (79.8) 34 (20.2) 1.00   
Female 133 (70.9) 55 (29.1) 1.71 (0.97–2.41) 1.57 (1.01–2.76) 0.047
Age 20–60 184 (77.6) 53 (22.4) 1.00   
60+ 84 (70.0) 36 (30.0) 1.61 (1.04–2.41)* 1.22 (0.70–2.04) 0.210
Education No formal education 30 (60.0.) 20 (40.0) 1.00   
  Primary (grade 1–8) 49 (77.8) 14 (22.2) 0.43 (0.20–0.94)* 0.38 (0.21–0.92) 0.043
Secondary (grade 9–12) 83 (80.6) 20 (19.4) 0.40 (0.17–0.78)* 0.42 (0.19–0.90) 0.023
College and above 106 (75.2) 35 (24.8) 0.39 (0.19–0.80)* 0.39 (0.29–0.95) 0.041
Employment Employed 156 (77.6) 45 (22.4) 1.00   
Unemployed 112 (71.8) 44 (28.2) 0.69 (0.43–1.03) 0.82 (0.61–1.80) 0.610
Complication Absent 191 (78.9) 51 (21.1) 1.00   
Present 77 (67.0) 38 (33.0) 1.07 (0.21–0.88)* 2.00 (1.00–3.22) 0.008
Source of drug Free 159 (72.3) 61 (27.7) 1.00   
Paid 109 (79.6) 28 (20.4) 0.59 (0.39–1.01) 1.34 (0.81–2.19) 0.11
Glycemic control Poor 219 (74.2) 76 (25.8) 1.00   
Good 49 (79.1) 13 (28.9) 2.82 (0.90–8.03)* 3.51 (0.91–7.21) 0.141
  1. Percentages are calculated per row. *Variables in bivariate analysis ≤ 0.05, statistically significant set at: p ≤ 0.05