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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants by group

From: The effect of omega-3 and vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and lipid profiles in reproductive-aged women with pre-diabetes and hypovitaminosis D: a randomized controlled trial

Characteristic Placebo group (n = 42) Omega 3 group (n = 42) Vitamin D group (n = 42) Vitamin D + Omega 3 group (n = 42) P value
Age (years) 41.85 (7.48) 39.78 (6.88) 39.92 (6.04) 39.00 (7.68) 0.29
Vitamin D 25.47 (5.83) 23.56 (6.42) 21.43(8) 22.03 (6.92) .44
FBS (mg/dL) 104.52 (6.39) 103.87 (5.88) 103.74 (5.11) 103.71 (4.73) .98
Insulin (µIU/mL) 7.36 (4.12) 9.14 (3.14) 7.73 (3.66) 10.35 (3.13) .30
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 123.69 (48.17) 132.10 (66.77) 126.68 (77.7) 137.42 (67.02) .77
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 188.59 (32.82) 194.05 (32.4) 197.73 (37.8) 199.35 (42.11) .40
HDL-c (mg/dL) 48.43 (8.76) 51.08 (8.91) 51.73 (11.47) 48.55 (8.92) .34
LDL-c (mg/dL) 111 (30.74) 115.36 (26.91) 119.15 (32.71) 122.76 (36.47) .40
Weight (kg) 74.32 (12.65) 69.65 (9.09) 72.80 (9.23) 72.54 (10.62) .24
BMI (kg/m2) 27.28 (2.74) 27.17 (2.74) 27.01 (2.91) 27.04 (2.86) .82
Waist circumference (cm) 85.05 (10.42) 82.78 (6.41) 84.6 (8.49) 85.29 (9.85) .62
Dietary energy intake (kcal) 1639.0 (601.9) 1645.5 (451.8) 1523 (499.6) 1570.60 (509.8) .26
Physical activity (MET-min/week) 698.19 (618.83) 815.34 (778.54) 706.78 (656.76) 808.66 (766.99) .85
Time spent out door (h/day) 1.7 (1.8) 1.8 (1.2) 1.8 (1.4) 1.8 (1.8) .88
  1. BMI: Body Mass Index; FBS: Fasting blood sugar; HDL-C: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HOMA-IR: Homeostasis Model Assessment estimated Insulin Resistance; HOMA-B: homeostatic model assessment for B-cell function-B; LDL-C: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. All values are means (SDs)
  3. *P value is significant
  4. Obtain from One-way analysis of variance