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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants by group

From: The effect of omega-3 and vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and lipid profiles in reproductive-aged women with pre-diabetes and hypovitaminosis D: a randomized controlled trial

CharacteristicPlacebo group (n = 42)Omega 3 group (n = 42)Vitamin D group (n = 42)Vitamin D + Omega 3 group (n = 42)P value
Age (years)41.85 (7.48)39.78 (6.88)39.92 (6.04)39.00 (7.68)0.29
Vitamin D25.47 (5.83)23.56 (6.42)21.43(8)22.03 (6.92).44
FBS (mg/dL)104.52 (6.39)103.87 (5.88)103.74 (5.11)103.71 (4.73).98
Insulin (µIU/mL)7.36 (4.12)9.14 (3.14)7.73 (3.66)10.35 (3.13).30
Triglycerides (mg/dL)123.69 (48.17)132.10 (66.77)126.68 (77.7)137.42 (67.02).77
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)188.59 (32.82)194.05 (32.4)197.73 (37.8)199.35 (42.11).40
HDL-c (mg/dL)48.43 (8.76)51.08 (8.91)51.73 (11.47)48.55 (8.92).34
LDL-c (mg/dL)111 (30.74)115.36 (26.91)119.15 (32.71)122.76 (36.47).40
Weight (kg)74.32 (12.65)69.65 (9.09)72.80 (9.23)72.54 (10.62).24
BMI (kg/m2)27.28 (2.74)27.17 (2.74)27.01 (2.91)27.04 (2.86).82
Waist circumference (cm)85.05 (10.42)82.78 (6.41)84.6 (8.49)85.29 (9.85).62
Dietary energy intake (kcal)1639.0 (601.9)1645.5 (451.8)1523 (499.6)1570.60 (509.8).26
Physical activity (MET-min/week)698.19 (618.83)815.34 (778.54)706.78 (656.76)808.66 (766.99).85
Time spent out door (h/day)1.7 (1.8)1.8 (1.2)1.8 (1.4)1.8 (1.8).88
  1. BMI: Body Mass Index; FBS: Fasting blood sugar; HDL-C: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HOMA-IR: Homeostasis Model Assessment estimated Insulin Resistance; HOMA-B: homeostatic model assessment for B-cell function-B; LDL-C: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. All values are means (SDs)
  3. *P value is significant
  4. Obtain from One-way analysis of variance