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Table 1 The anthropometric, clinical, and metabolic characterizations of the all participants

From: Adipose tissue gene expression of long non-coding RNAs; MALAT1, TUG1 in obesity: is it associated with metabolic profile and lipid homeostasis-related genes expression?

CharacteristicsNormal-weight subjects (n = 19)Obese subjects (n = 20)Total difference p value
Age, years38.84 ± 9.1434.25 ± 5.810.073
BMI, kg/m223.49 (22.86–24.34)41.73 (36.35–46.77)0.000
WC, cm85 (83–87)114 (111.25–120)0.000
Hip, cm95 (90–97)128 (120–133.5)0.000
WHR, -0.89 ± 0.040.92 ± 0.050.068
SBP, mmHg117.05 ± 11.59119.25 ± 14.260.602
DBP, mmHg80 (70–80)76.5 (62.5–87.5)0.971
FBG, mg/dL84.45 ± 7.3686.42 ± 8.330.44
Urea nitrogen, mg/dL23.08 ± 7.7825.62 ± 5.850.256
Creatinine, mg/dL0.57 ± 0.1630.73 ± 0.100.001
Uric acid, mg/dL4.02 ± 0.725.43 ± 1.020.000
eGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2138.31 ± 48.0799.73 ± 17.570.002
HDL-C, mg/dL43.81 ± 6.3445.10 ± 7.250.557
LDL-C, mg/dL88.43 ± 30.82113.05 ± 20.670.006
TC, mg/dL146.51 ± 39.09179.65 ± 26.580.004
TG, mg/dL93.1 (56.6–127.7)91.55 (59.87–123.25)0.786
VLDL-C, mg/dL21 (15–28)20 (17–28)0.679
LDL-C/HDL-C,-2.076 ± 0.792.5 ± 0.600.041
AST, U/L16.7 (12.5–21.4)21.1 (16.2–23.95)0.223
ALT, U/L12.9 (11–22.2)21.65 (15.35–30.2)0.406
ALP, U/L70.29 ± 26.7372.88 ± 17.090.719
Albumin, g/dL3.7 (3.19–3.92)4.31 (4.2–4.43)0.000
TP, g/dL5.81 ± 0.836.81 ± 0.740.000
hs-CRP, mg/L1.8 (1.01–2.5)4.85 (2.9–10.29)0.000
HOMA-IR, -1.69 (0.93–2.24)3.85 (3.37–5.21)0.000
Insulin, µU/mL8.1 (4.63–9.93)19.45 (15.5–23.41)0.000
  1. Continuous variables with normal and non-normal distribution were described as the mean ± SD and median (IQR), respectively
  2. BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference, WHR, waist-to-hip ratio; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FBG, fasting blood glucose; HDL-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; ALP, alkaline phosphatase; TP, total protein; hs-CRP, high-sensitivity C-reactive Protein; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate