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Table 1 Metabolic syndrome characteristics of study participants by gender and depressive symptoms

From: Depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome components among older Chinese adults

 Total Women Men 
 No depressive symptoms (n = 4214)Depressive symptoms (n = 365)PNo depressive Symptoms (n = 2124)Depressive symptoms (n = 255)PNo depressive symptoms (n = 2090)Depressive symptoms (n = 110)P
Metabolic syndrome, n (%)843 (19.99)76 (20.82)0.70548 (25.77)60 (23.53)0.44295 (14.12)16 (14.55)0.90
High BMIa, n (%)825 (19.59)59 (15.89)0.09382 (17.99)37 (14.51)0.17444 (21.20)21 (19.09)0.59
High BPb, n (%)3604 (85.54)326 (89.32)0.0471863 (87.71)234 (91.76)0.0581741 (83.34)92 (83.63)0.94
High triglyceridesc, n (%)931 (22.08)80 (21.92)0.94561 (26.38)63 (24.71)0.57370 (17.71)17 (15.45)0.55
Low HDLd, n (%)965 (22.89)87 (23.84)0.68720 (33.88)74 (29.02)0.12245 (11.73)13 (11.82)0.98
Glucose componente, n (%)462 (10.97)50 (13.70)0.11237 (11.16)33 (12.94)0.40225 (10.77)17 (15.45)0.13
BMI, mean (SD), kg/m223.32 (2.61)22.81 (2.82)< 0.00123.26 (2.61)22.66 (2.89)0.00123.39 (2.62)23.14 (2.65)0.33
Fasting glucose, mean (SD), mmol/L5.58 (1.10)5.68 (1.57)0.255.64 (1.11)5.65 (1.35)0.865.53 (1.08)5.75 (1.99)0.26
Systolic BP, mean ± SD, mm Hg144.24 (19.75)145.14 (18.68)0.41147.55 (19.75)148.02 (18.19)0.71140.89 (19.20)138.45 (18.14)0.19
Diastolic BP, mean ± SD, mm Hg85.83 (11.18)84.57 (11.49)0.0485.35 (10.81)84.97 (11.56)0.6086.31 (11.53)83.64 (11.31)0.02
Triglycerides, mean ± SD, mmol/L1.36 (0.81)1.33 (0.77)0.571.45 (0.78)1.42 (0.84)0.571.27 (0.83)1.13 (0.51)0.012
HDL, mean ± SD, mmol/L1.46 (0.39)1.49 (0.41)0.091.48 (0.37)1.51 (0.38)0.231.43 (0.40)1.46 (0.48)0.58
Diabetes, n (%)329 (7.81)38 (10.41)0.08176 (8.29)26 (10.20)0.30153 (7.32)12 (10.91)0.16
Antihypertensive medication, n (%)2174 (51.61)199 (54.52)0.291110 (52.28)138 (54.12)0.581064 (50.93)61 (55.45)0.36
  1. BMI body mass index; BP blood pressure; HDL high-density lipoprotein; SD standard deviation
  2. a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2
  3. bSystolic BP ≥ 130 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥ 85 mm Hg or antihypertensive medication
  4. c Blood triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/L
  5. d HDL cholesterol < 1.0 mmol/L in men and  < 1.3 mmol/L in women
  6. e Fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L or with a history of diabetes