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Table 1 The definition of metabolic syndrome [2]

From: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its association with body fat distribution in middle-aged individuals from Indonesia and the Netherlands: a cross-sectional analysis of two population-based studies

Waist circumference above ethnic-specific cut-off≥ 90 cm in Asian men and ≥ 80 cm in Asian women; ≥ 102 cm in European men and ≥ 88 cm in European women
Elevated triglyceride≥ 1.7 mmol/L OR use of a lipid-lowering agent(s)
Low HDL-cholesterol< 1.0 mmol/L in men or < 1.3 mmol/L in women OR use of medication(s) for reduced-HDL
Elevated blood pressureSystolic BP ≥ 130 and/or diastolic BP ≥ 85 mmHg OR use of anti-hypertensive agent(s)
Elevated fasting glucose> 5.6 mmol/L OR use of a glucose-lowering agent(s)
  1. The unified IDF and AHA/NHLBI criteria [2]. Metabolic syndrome is defined as at least three out of five cardio-metabolic abnormalities which occur concomitantly