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Table 2 Comparisons among DD levels, anxiety and depressive symptoms according to age (age < 25 years: n = 21; age ≥ 25 years: n = 49)—Anova

From: Relatively young T1D adults using fixed doses of insulin have higher diabetes distress levels in a sample of patients from a Brazilian tertiary hospital

VariableMean ± SD/medianp-value
DDS-total
 < 2530.48 ± 15.05/25.000.0048
 ≥ 2542.84 ± 21.07/36.00 
DDS-S1
 < 2512.14 ± 8.46/10.000.1821
 ≥ 2514.51 ± 8.50/12.00 
DDS-S2
 < 254.86 ± 1.71/4.000.0413
 ≥ 256.94 ± 4.81/5.00 
DDS-S3
 < 2512.57 ± 7.33/10.000.1144
 ≥ 2515.41 ± 7.90/15.00 
DDS-S4
 < 254.95 ± 3.25/4.000.2048
 ≥ 256.57 ± 4.38/5.00 
HAD-A
 < 257.33 ± 4.23/7.000.7611
 ≥ 258.04 ± 5.28/7.00 
HAD-D
 < 255.76 ± 4.04/5.000.3522
 ≥ 257.16 ± 5.45/6.00 
  1. DDS total score (DDS: Diabetes Distress Scale); DDS-S1 score (S1: emotional burden); DDS-S2 score (S2: physician distress); DDS-S3 score (S3: regimen distress); DDS-S4 score (S4: interpersonal distress); HAD-A score: anxiety symptoms (Anxiety subscale of Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale); HAD-D score: depressive symptoms (depression subscale of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). Values expressed as mean, SD (standard deviation), and median