Skip to main content

Table 1 General characteristics of 1325 study participants in case and control group

From: Interaction between ELMO1 gene polymorphisms and environment factors on susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy in Chinese Han population

VariablesDN patients
(n = 660)
Normal controls
(n = 665)
p-values
Age (year), mean ± SD65.8 ± 13.866.3 ± 14.30.517
Gender, N (%)  0.652
 Males, N (%)378 (57.3)389 (58.5) 
 Females, N (%)282 (42.7)276 (41.5) 
Hypertension, N (%)238 (36.1)195 (29.3)0.009
BMI (kg/m2), mean ± SD24.3 ± 8.423.7 ± 8.10.186
Smoking, N (%)  0.062
 Never smoking435 (65.9)470 (70.7) 
 Ever or current smoking225 (34.1)195 (29.3) 
Alcohol drinking, N (%)  0.0033
 Never drinking408 (61.8)462 (69.5) 
 Ever or current drinking252 (38.2)203 (30.5) 
FPG (mmol/l)9.3 ± 3.99.1 ± 3.70.338
HbA1c (%)8.57 ± 3.238.28 ± 3.250.029
Duration of diabetes10.1 ± 4.49.8 ± 4.70.231
Creatinine (mg/dl)1.24 ± 0.371.12 ± 0.29< 0.001
Urea (mg/dl)40.5 ± 15.135.3 ± 14.3< 0.001
ACR (μg/mg)82.34 ± 33.822.8 ± 7.6< 0.001
  1. BMI body mass index, T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, FPG fasting plasma glucose, ACR urine albumin/creatinine ratio