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Table 1 Biochemical and hormonal results of 21 year old women with SHORT syndrome

From: Metformin paradoxically worsens insulin resistance in SHORT syndrome

Parameter Value Reference range
Fat mass (kg) 6.2 10–18.4
Body fat percentage (%) 14.3 21––32.9
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 156 < 200
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 74.0 < 100
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 60.0 > 40
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 99.0 < 150
TSH (µIU/ml) 1.49 0.27–4.2
Free T4 (ng/dl) 1.12 0.93–1.7
Prolactin (ng/ml) 11.2 4.79–23.3
Total testosterone (ng/ml) 0.45 0.084–0.481
SHBG (nmol/l) 34.7 18–144
DHEAS (µg/dl) 147.4 148–407
Calcium (mmol/l) 2.50 2.10–2.55
PTH (pg/ml) 28.31 15–65
Vitamin D (ng/ml) 11.0 > 20
HOMA-IR [5] 7.64 No clear ref. range: 90th percentile usually around 3.46–3.8 [7]
Insulin resistance (Belfiore) Index [6] 1.85 No clear ref. range, values > 1.27 suggested as cut-off [8]