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Table 2 Level of blood glucose and glycemic response

From: Effect of L. acidophilus and B. lactis on blood glucose in women with gestational diabetes mellitus: a randomized placebo-controlled trial

Variable Probiotic yoghurt group (n = 42) Conventional yoghurt group (n = 42) p value
FBG (mg/dl)
 Before 97.1 ± 9.4 96.4 ± 10.4 0.241
 After 94 ± 8.5 97.6 ± 14.3 0.048
 p value* 0.013 0.36  
Post prandial BS (mg/dl)
 Before 144.3 ± 26.8 136.8 ± 23.7 0.452
 After 123.9 ± 16.2 136.8 ± 18.7 0.002
 p value* < 0.001 0.95  
HbA1c (mmol/mol)
 Before 5.65 ± 0.67 5.86 ± 1.12 0.488
 After 5.48 ± 0.62 5.76 ± 1.02 0.025
 p value* < 0.001 0.092  
  1. FBG fasting blood glucose, BG blood glucose, HbA1c glycated hemoglobin
  2. For baseline between group comparisons, p-values are based on independent t-test
  3. For after intervention between group comparisons, p-values and confidence intervals are based on analysis of covariance
  4. * For within group comparisons, p values and confidence intervals are based on paired t-test