Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of hypertensive patients with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus and diabetic patients with newly diagnosed hypertension

From: Comparison between newly diagnosed hypertension in diabetes and newly diagnosed diabetes in hypertension

Characteristic Newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus (n = 137) Newly diagnosed hypertension (n = 155) P value
Men, n (%) 56 (40.9) 85 (54.8) 0.02
Age, years 60.0 ± 11.5 57.6 ± 10.8 0.06
Body mass index, kg/m2 26.3 ± 3.7 25.4 ± 3.5 0.03
Obesity, n (%) 43 (31.4) 31 (20.0) 0.03
Waist circumference, cm 92.1 ± 16.7 90.2 ± 10.2 0.26
Central obesity, n (%) 50 (52.1) 46 (47.9) 0.22
Current smoking, n (%) 22 (16.1) 32 (20.6) 0.31
Alcohol intake, n (%) 20 (14.6) 36 (23.2) 0.06
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 144.2 ± 16.9 145.6 ± 15.1 0.47
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 84.2 ± 12.5 83.7 ± 10.7 0.73
Heart rate, beats/min 73.7 ± 12.7 78.1 ± 13.6 0.01
Plasma fasting glucose, mmol/l 6.78 (5.86–7.88) 8.00 (6.66–10.86) < 0.0001
Plasma glycosylated haemoglobin A1c, % 6.71 ± 0.98 7.99 ± 1.97 < 0.0001
Serum triglycerides, mmol/l 1.52 (1.03–2.29) 1.34 (0.90–2.25) 0.73
Serum total cholesterol, mmol/l 4.98 ± 1.09 5.06 ± 1.18 0.57
Serum HDL cholesterol, mmol/l 1.30 ± 0.34 1.36 ± 0.42 0.25
Serum LDL cholesterol, mmol/l 3.01 ± 0.99 3.05 ± 0.96 0.73
Ischaemic heart disease, n (%) 23 (16.8) 10 (6.5) 0.01
Myocardial infarction, n (%) 4 (2.9) 1 (0.6) 0.14
Stroke, n (%) 9 (6.6) 5 (3.2) 0.18
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation, median (interquartile range) or number of subjects (%). For the definitions of obesity, central obesity, ischaemic heart disease, myocardial infarction and stroke, see “Methods
  2. HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein