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Table 1 The demographic and clinical characteristics of the diabetic patients with and without plaques

From: Association between serum visfatin levels and atherosclerotic plaque in patients with type 2 diabetes

VariablesPlaques (n = 56)No plaques (n = 41)P-value
Age (years)54.04 ± 12.0947.20 ± 13.880.011
BMI (kg/m2)27.91 ± 3.2127.82 ± 4.340.913
Diabetes duration (year)5.86 ± 5.275.48 ± 6.060.747
Waist circumference (cm)98.33 ± 8.8998.82 ± 11.360.817
Hipline circumference (cm)103 (98, 105.5)99 (95, 105.75)0.952
Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)0.96 ± 0.060.96 ± 0.070.803
White blood cell (109/L)6.80 ± 1.616.45 ± 1.840.319
Neutrophils (109/L)3.92 ± 1.233.70 ± 1.270.385
Lymphocytes (109/L)2.21 ± 0.662.09 ± 0.700.376
Platelets (109/L)205.86 ± 55.05197.10 ± 64.650.474
Alanine aminotransferase (U/L)33.75 ± 22.0139.98 ± 26.520.21
Aspartate aminotransferase (U/L)24.80 ± 21.0425.88 ± 14.770.78
γ-Glutamyl transpeptidase (U/L)49.80 ± 35.8761.72 ± 41.300.135
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)4.91 ± 1.705.62 ± 2.580.108
Triglycerides (mg/dL)3.22 ± 3.772.89 ± 3.230.653
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)2.69 ± 1.022.98 ± 1.360.240
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)0.99 ± 0.311.07 ± 0.250.180
Serum total bilirubin (STB)10.6 (8.65, 13.45)12.8 (10.2, 18)0.01
Direct (conjugated) bilirubin (SDB)3.2 (2.38, 4.25)3.8 (2.7, 6.1)0.048
Indirect (unconjugated) bilirubin (SIB)7.3 (6, 9.9)8.8 (7.2, 12.7)0.021
Uric acid (μmol/L)0.37 ± 0.120.39 ± 0.250.557
Creatinine (mg/dL)74.11 ± 21.2067.80 ± 20.510.146
Endogenous creatinine clearance rate, Ccr100.31 ± 26.07115.43 ± 29.160.009
Glycated hemoglobin A1c (%)9.44 ± 1.909.48 ± 2.780.943
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)9.32 ± 3.679.67 ± 3.600.642
2 h postprandial plasma glucose (mmol/L)17.64 ± 4.1517.53 ± 4.640.904
Fasting C-peptide (ng/mL)2.62 ± 1.102.39 ± 1.370.378
2-h postprandial C peptide (ng/mL)5.79 ± 3.235.02 ± 2.960.238
Fasting insulin (mIU/L)17.84 ± 27.9914.04 ± 11.160.419
2 h postprandial insulin (mIU/L)43.05 ± 46.1045.98 ± 85.870.831
HOMA-IR4.57 (2.84, 7.77)4.49 (2.23, 6.88)0.733
Visfatin (ng/mL)0.68 (0.46, 1.58)0.45 (0.23, 0.76)0.0002