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Table 3 Association of increased body adiposity parameters with risk of prevalent diabetes and insulin resistance

From: Assessment of adiposity distribution and its association with diabetes and insulin resistance: a population-based study

  1-Quartile change of increasing body adiposity parameters AUC (95% CI) P value
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Diabetes
 BMI 1.42 (1.36–1.49) 1.43 (1.37–1.50) 1.41 (1.33–1.49) 0.616 (0.602–0.630) < 0.0001
 WC 1.53 (1.46–1.60) 1.46 (1.39–1.54) 1.44 (1.35–1.52) 0.638 (0.624–0.651) 0.0003
 WHR 1.57 (1.50–1.65) 1.47 (1.40–1.54) 1.44 (1.36–1.51) 0.648 (0.635–0.661) 0.140
 WHtR 1.55 (1.48–1.63) 1.48 (1.41–1.55) 1.45 (1.37–1.54) 0.646 (0.632–0.659) 0.0276
 VAI 1.57 (1.50–1.64) 1.54 (1.47–1.61) 1.49 (1.41–1.58) 0.645 (0.632–0.658) 0.0002
 BAI 1.18 (1.13–1.24) 1.18 (1.13–1.24) 1.23 (1.15–1.30) 0.555 (0.540–0.569) < 0.0001
 LAP 1.65 (1.57–1.73) 1.60 (1.53–1.68) 1.60 (1.50–1.69) 0.658 (0.645–0.671)
Insulin resistance
 BMI 2.32 (2.20–2.44) 2.32 (2.21–2.44) 2.21 (2.09–2.33) 0.752 (0.741–0.763) < 0.0001
 WC 2.27 (2.16–2.39) 2.25 (2.14–2.37) 2.28 (2.15–2.41) 0.738 (0.727–0.749) < 0.0001
 WHR 1.74 (1.67–1.82) 1.73 (1.65–1.81) 1.73 (1.64–1.82) 0.678 (0.666–0.690) < 0.0001
 WHtR 2.26 (2.15–2.37) 2.24 (2.13–2.36) 2.11 (2.00–2.22) 0.744 (0.733–0.755) < 0.0001
 VAI 2.21 (2.11–2.32) 2.20 (2.09–2.31) 2.04 (1.93–2.15) 0.738 (0.726–0.749) < 0.0001
 BAI 1.58 (1.51–1.65) 1.58 (1.51–1.65) 1.65 (1.56–1.74) 0.648 (0.635–0.661) < 0.0001
 LAP 2.70 (2.56–2.85) 2.69 (2.55–2.84) 2.54 (2.40–2.69) 0.781 (0.771–0.792)
  1. Data are odds ratios (95% confidence interval). Participants without diabetes or insulin resistance are defined as 0 and with diabetes or insulin resistance as 1
  2. P value is calculated by the nonparametric approach to compare AUC of other anthropometric measures with the LAP group
  3. Model 1 is unadjusted
  4. Model 2 is adjusted for age
  5. Model 3 is adjusted for age, sex, current smoking and drinking status, physical activity level, SBP, LDL-C, γ-GGT, eGFR and antidiabetic treatment
  6. BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-hip ratio, WHtR waist-height ratio, VAI visceral adiposity index, BAI body adiposity index, LAP lipid accumulation product index, AUC area under the receiver operating characteristic curve