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Table 4 Direct outpatient costs related to ophthalmic procedures in patients with diabetes, Brazil/2014

From: Economic burden of diabetes in Brazil in 2014

Cost components Number of procedures in patients with diabetes Total costs (Int$)a
Fundoscopic exams 3,591,730 30,234,329
Retinal angiographies 138,769 2,897,743
Laser photocoagulation 77,471 2,909,988
Intravitreal injectionsb 5863 278,114
Cataract extractions 17,604 5,049,953
Vitrectomies 4320 5,946,690
Total costs   47,316,819
  1. a1 Int$ = 1.74 Brazilian reais
  2. bNo mention of the medicines used for intravitreal injections