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Table 3 Direct outpatient costs related to end stage renal disease in patients with diabetes, Brazil/2014

From: Economic burden of diabetes in Brazil in 2014

Cost components Costs per person/year (Int$)a Total costs (Int$)
Dialysis (n = 32,481)   
Dialysis sessions, preparation and maintenance of arteriovenous fistulas, catheter implant and removal, maintenance and accompaniment of peritoneal dialysis 13,005 422,433,440
Erythropoietin (77%)b 343.8 8,598,298
Parenteral iron (53%) 101.5 1,747,310
Sevelamer (40%) 1662 21,602,337
Calcitriol (27%) 2595 8,697,590
Cinacalcet (4%) 7342 9,539,679
Paricalcitol (3%) 4313 4,203,290
Medicines (weighted average) 1033 54,366,108
Total costs 14,038 476,799,548
  1. a1 Int$ = 1.74 Brazilian reais
  2. bPercentage of use among patients on dialysis [20]