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Table 2 Mean and 95% CI of metabolic syndrome risk score and its individual components according to quartiles of adiponectin, ERICA 2013–2014

From: Higher adiponectin concentrations are associated with reduced metabolic syndrome risk independently of weight status in Brazilian adolescents

  Quartiles of adiponectin p for trends
First (n = 1092) Second (n = 1101) Third (n = 1112) Fourthb (n = 1241)
Waist circumference, cm 74.7 (73.8, 75.6) 73.5 (73.4, 75.6) 72.2 (71.2, 73.3) 70.9 (70.1, 71.7) < 0.001
Systolic BP, mmHg 111.3 (110.2, 112.4) 110.8 (109.6, 112.1) 111.0 (109.8, 112.2) 110.1 (109.1, 111.1) 0.157
Diastolic BP, mmHg 65.8 (65.0, 66.6) 65.9 (65.1, 66.7) 65.9 (65.1, 66.7) 65.5 (64.9, 66.2) 0.622
Mean BP, mmHg 81.0 (80.1, 81.8) 80.9 (80.0, 81.8) 80.9 (80.0, 81.8) 80.4 (79.6, 81.1) 0.334
Triglyceridesa (log), mg/dl 71.9 (69.5, 74.3) 72.1 (69.4, 74.9) 70.1 (67.7, 72.6) 67.1 (65.1, 69.1) 0.004
HDL-c, mg/dl 46.6 (45.9, 47.3) 46.3 (45.5, 47.1) 48.1 (47.2, 49.1) 50.0 (48.9, 50.9) < 0.001
Fasting plasma glucose, mg/dl 87.2 (86.4, 88.0) 87.1 (86.4, 87.8) 86.9 (86.2, 87.6) 86.5 (85.9, 87.2) 0.222
MetS-z, z-score 0.35 (0.14, 0.57) 0.24 (− 0.04, 0.53) − 0.12 (− 0.41, 0.18) − 0.66 (− 0.89, − 0.43) < 0.001
MetS-z without waist circumference, z-score 0.15 (− 0.03, 0.34) 0.18 (− 0.06, 0.42) − 0.06 (− 0.28, 0.16) − 0.46 (0.64, − 0.28) < 0.001
  1. BP, blood pressure; HDL-c, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; MetS-z, metabolic syndrome risk z-score
  2. aTriglycerides was log transformed and reported as geometric mean and 95% CI
  3. bHighest values