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Table 1 Participants Characteristics

From: Association between statin treatment and new-onset diabetes mellitus: a population based case–control study

  Total Cases Controls P value
N = 38,502 n = 6417 n = 32,085
Age, year 51.1 ± 13.1 51.1 ± 13.2 51.1 ± 13.1 0.99
 Age ≥ 60 year 9493 (24.7) 1581 (24.6) 7912 (24.7) 0.97
Male 26,050 (67.7) 4342 (67.7) 21,708 (67.7) 0.99
Statin use 2750 (7.1) 597 (9.3) 2153 (6.7) < 0.0001
Recent statin use within 6 months 1887 (4.9) 439 (6.8) 1448 (4.5) < 0.0001
BMI, kg/m2 23.9 ± 3.2 25.2 ± 3.8 23.7 ± 3.1 < 0.0001
 BMI > 25 kg/m2 13,222 (34.3) 3117 (48.6) 10,105 (31.5) < 0.0001
Waist circumference, cm 81.7 ± 8.9 84.8 ± 9.4 81.1 ± 8.6 < 0.0001
SBP, mmHg 123.5 ± 14.9 128.2 ± 15.6 122.6 ± 14.6 < 0.0001
DBP, mmHg 77.2 ± 10.1 80 ± 10.3 76.7 ± 10 < 0.0001
HDL-cholesterol, mg/dL 54.1 ± 16.6 53 ± 18 54.4 ± 16.3 < 0.0001
LDL-cholesterol, mg/dL 115.7 ± 32.6 117 ± 37.3 115.4 ± 31.5 0.0004
Triglyceride, mg/dL 139.9 ± 97 180.4 ± 126.2 131.9 ± 87.9 < 0.0001
Current smoker 11,477 (29.8) 2273 (35.4) 9204 (28.7) < 0.0001
Current drinker 21,277 (55.3) 17,532 (54.6) 3745 (58.4) < 0.0001
Regular exercisea 6690 (17.4) 5702 (17.8) 988 (15.4) < 0.0001
Low social economic status 5081 (13.2) 1000 (15.6) 4081 (12.7) < 0.0001
Hypertension     
  1. Data reported as n (%) or mean ± SD
  2. BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein
  3. aIntensive exercise 3 days or more per week, or moderate exercise 5 days or more per week