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Table 4 Investigation of the interactions between major dietary patterns and GC1F, GC1S and GC2 haplotypesc on the risk of MetS

From: Interactions between vitamin D binding protein variants and major dietary patterns on the odds of metabolic syndrome and its components in apparently healthy adults

MetS components Dietary patterna
Healthy Traditional Western
TG
 Crude model
  P-interaction 0.20 0.69 0.51
  OR (%95CI) 0. 88 (0.73, 1.06) 1. 03 (0.86, 1.25) 1. 06 (0.87, 1.29)
 Adjusted modelb
  P-interaction 0.01 0.33 0.79
  OR (%95CI) 0. 72 (0.56, 0.93) 1.13 (0.71, 0.99) 1. 03 (0.78, 1.36)
HDL
 Crude model
  P-interaction 0.36 0.74 0.65
  OR (%95CI) 0. 92 (0.79, 1.09) 1.02 (0.87, 1.19) 1. 03 (0.87, 1.22)
 Adjusted model
  P-interaction 0.60 0.18 0.87
  OR (%95CI) 0. 95 (0.78, 1.15) 1. 14 (0.93, 1.39) 1. 01 (0.82, 1.26)
WC
 Crude model
  P-interaction 0.99 0.04 0.01
  OR (%95CI) 1. 00 (0.84, 1.78) 0. 84 (0.71, 0.99) 1. 25 (1.04, 1.21)
 Adjusted model
  P-interaction 0.99 0.003 0.70
  OR (%95CI) 0. 99 (0.80, 1.24) 0. 69 (0.55, 0.88) 1. 04 (0.81, 1.34)
FBS
 Crude model
  P-interaction 0.12 0.59 0.21
  OR (%95CI) 1. 39 (0.91, 2.12) 0. 88 (0.55, 1.40) 0. 74 (0.46, 1.18)
 Adjusted model
  P-interaction 0.04 0.11 0.11
  OR (%95CI) 0. 36 (0.14, 0.96) 0. 51 (0.22, 1.18) 0. 46 (0.18, 1.21)
BP
 Crude model
  P-interaction 0.09 0.16 0.95
  OR (%95CI) 0. 85 (0.70, 1.02) 1. 14 (0.94, 1.37) 0. 99 (0.81, 1.20)
 Adjusted model
  P-interaction 0.06 0.02 0.64
  OR (%95CI) 0. 79 (0.62, 1.01) 1. 31 (1.02, 1.68) 0. 94 (0.72, 1.22)
MetS
 Crude model
  P-interaction 0.12 0.91 0.16
  OR (%95CI) 0. 83 (0.85, 1.05) 0. 98 (0.78, 1.24) 1. 19 (0.93, 1.52)
 Adjusted model
  P-interaction < 0.001 0.80 0.44
  OR (%95CI) 0. 64 (0.47, 0.87) 1. 03 (0.77, 1.40) 1. 13 (0.82, 1.57)
  1. Italic values indicate a significant difference (P ≤ 0.05)
  2. FBS fasting blood sugar, TG triglyceride, HDL high density lipoprotein, WC waist circumference, MetS metabolic syndrome, BP blood pressure
  3. a First quartile is used as reference (low adherence)
  4. b Adjusted for sex, age, physical activity and vitamin D
  5. c GC1F is used as reference (low risk)