Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic factors and clinical characteristics of acute ischemic stroke patients with a history of diabetes divided by telestroke status

From: The telestroke and thrombolysis therapy in diabetic stroke patients

Characteristic Non-telestroke Telestroke P-value
(N = 180) (N = 132)
Patient age in years
 Mean ± SD 69.3 ± 12.7 65.9 ± 12.3 0.020*
Age group: no. (%)
 < 50 years 14 (7.8) 11 (8.3) 0.069
 50–59 26 (14.4) 20 (15.2)  
 60–69 43 (23.9) 49 (37.1)  
 70–79 54 (30) 33 (25)  
 ≥ 80 43 (23.9) 19 (14.4)  
Gender: no. (%)
 Male 88 (48.9) 69 (52.3) 0.555
 Female 92 (51.1) 63 (47.7)  
Race: no. (%)
 Caucasian 127 (70.6) 102 (77.3) 0.212
 African-American 32 (17.8) 19 (14.4)  
 Other 3 (1.7) 3 (2.3)  
Hispanic ethnicity: no. (%) 5 (2.8) 6 (4.5) 0.403
Body mass index
 Mean ± SD 29.5 ± 7.3 32.2 ± 7.5 0.001*
Medical history: no. (%)
 Atrial fib/flutter 39 (21.7) 11 (8.3) 0.002*
 Carotid artery stenosis 12 (6.7) 6 (4.5) 0.427
 Congestive heart failure 28 (15.6) 17 (12.9) 0.506
 Coronary artery disease 80 (44.4) 62 (47) 0.658
 Depression 1 (0.6) 27 (20.5) < 0.001*
 Dyslipidemia 124 (68.9) 92 (69.7) 0.879
 Family history of stroke 14 (7.8) 24 (18.2) 0.006*
 Hormone replacement therapy 3 (1.7) 3 (2.3) 0.7
 Hypertension 165 (91.7) 123 (93.2) 0.62
 Migraine 5 (2.8) 4 (3) 0.895
 Obesity 78 (43.3) 85 (64.4) < 0.001*
 Peripheral vascular disease 23 (12.8) 11 (8.3) 0.213
 Previous stroke 73 (40.6) 31 (23.5) 0.002*
 Previous TIA 22 (12.2) 9 (6.8) 0.115
 Prosthetic heart valve 1 (0.6) 0 (0) 0.391
 Renal insufficiency 24 (13.3) 9 (6.8) 0.065
 Sleep apnea 0 (0) 11 (8.3) < 0.001*
 Smoking 41 (22.8) 25 (18.9) 0.412
 Substance abuse 5 (2.8) 2 (1.5) 0.457
Initial NIH stroke scale
 Mean ± SD 10.8 ± 8.6 8.9 ± 7.6 0.063
Initial labs and vitals
 Total cholesterol 165.7 ± 56.9 165.1 ± 43.4 0.885
 Triglycerides 157.3 ± 118.4 159.3 ± 106.1 0.307
 HDL 39.4 ± 12.9 37.8 ± 11.7 0.565
 LDL 95.8 ± 36.5 98.4 ± 35.3 0.889
 Lipids 7.6 ± 2.1 7.6 ± 2.1 0.067
 Blood glucose 195.8 ± 115.2 173 ± 97 0.054
 Creatinine 1.5 ± 1.1 1.2 ± 1 0.007*
 INR 1.1 ± 0.3 1 ± 0.2 0.074
 Heart rate 84.1 ± 19.2 80.4 ± 16.9 0.097
 Systolic blood pressure 155.9 ± 33.2 150.6 ± 23.6 0.158
 Diastolic blood pressure 81.8 ± 19.2 78.8 ± 17.1 <0.001*
Medications prior to admission: no. (%)
 Antiplatelet or anticoagulant 112 (62.2) 79 (59.8) 0.671
 Antihypertensive 150 (83.3) 114 (86.4) 0.464
 Cholesterol reducer 113 (62.8) 91 (68.9) 0.258
 Diabetic medication 128 (71.1) 100 (75.8) 0.361
Ambulation status prior to event: no. (%)
 Ambulate independently 148 (82.2) 121 (91.7) 0.106
 Ambulate with assistance 12 (6.7) 3 (2.3)  
 Unable to ambulate 11 (6.1) 5 (3.8)  
 Not documented 9 (5) 3 (2.3)  
Ambulation status on admission: no. (%)
 Ambulate independently 20 (11.1) 26 (19.7) 0.016*
 Ambulate with assistance 18 (10) 23 (17.4)  
 Unable to ambulate 75 (41.7) 39 (29.5)  
 Not documented 67 (37.2) 44 (33.3)  
Ambulation status on discharge: no. (%)
 Ambulate independently 69 (38.3) 61 (46.2) 0.044*
 Ambulate with assistance 46 (25.6) 42 (31.8)  
 Unable to ambulate 47 (26.1) 18 (13.6)  
 Not documented 18 (10) 11 (8.3)  
First care received: no. (%)
 Emergency department 159 (88.3) 38 (28.8) < 0.001*
 Direct admission 21 (11.7) 94 (71.2)  
rtPA administration 68 (37.8) 114 (86.4) < 0.001*
Improved ambulation 109 (60.6) 89 (67.4) 0.213
  1. Continuous variables are represented as Mean ± S.D. and comparisons between groups are made with a Student’s T Test. Discrete variables are represented as Count (Percent Frequency) and comparisons between groups were made using Pearson’s Chi Squared
  2. *P < 0.05