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Table 3 Risk of MetS and its components across quartiles of EDIP score

From: Empirical dietary inflammatory pattern and risk of metabolic syndrome and its components: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

  EDIP score
Q1 (n = 554) Q2 (n = 565) Q3 (n = 549) Q4 (n = 548) P for trend
MetS
 Crude Ref. 1.40 (0.99–1.98) 1.92 (1.38–2.68) 2.17 (1.56–3.01) 0.001
 Model 1 Ref. 1.32 (0.93–1.88) 1.55 (1.10–2.18) 1.88 (1.34–2.62) 0.001
 Model 2 Ref. 1.29 (0.90–1.84) 1.47 (1.03–2.09) 1.75 (1.21–2.54) 0.003
High FBG
 Crude Ref. 1.19 (0.86–1.64) 1.23 (0.89–1.70) 1.54 (1.12–2.10) 0.006
 Model 1 Ref. 1.11 (0.80–1.84) 1.22 (0.88–1.69) 1.45 (1.05–1.98) 0.014
 Model 2 Ref. 1.11 (0.80–1.55) 1.22 (0.87–1.71) 1.46 (1.03–2.08) 0.026
High WC
 Crude Ref. 1.37 (1.05–1.78) 1.60 (1.23–2.08) 1.74 (1.33–2.25) 0.001
 Model 1 Ref. 1.29 (0.99–1.69) 1.39 (1.06–1.82) 1.53 (1.17–2.01) 0.002
 Model 2 Ref. 1.27 (0.94–1.71) 1.29 (0.95–1.76) 1.43 (1.03–1.97) 0.046
High blood pressure
 Crude Ref. 1.28 (0.92–1.78) 1.30 (0.93–1.80) 1.54 (1.11–2.12) 0.012
 Model 1 Ref. 1.14 (0.82–1.60) 1.15 (0.81–1.61) 1.31 (0.94–1.82) 0.117
 Model 2 Ref. 1.14 (0.81–1.60) 1.14 (0.80–1.62) 1.33 (0.92–1.92) 0.134
Low HDL-C
 Crude Ref. 1.23 (0.96–1.59) 1.51 (1.18–1.93) 2.02 (1.58–2.59) 0.001
 Model 1 Ref. 1.25 (0.92–1.70) 0.97 (0.72–1.31) 1.86 (1.38–2.51) 0.001
 Model 2 Ref. 1.20 (0.88–1.64) 0.88 (0.65–1.20) 1.57 (1.34–2.19) 0.015
High TG
 Crude Ref. 1.06 (0.79–1.43) 1.58 (1.19–2.09) 1.34 (1.01–1.78) 0.014
 Model 1 Ref. 1.02 (0.76–1.38) 1.37 (1.03–1.83) 1.20 (0.89–1.60) 0.117
 Model 2 Ref. 1.02 (0.75–1.37) 1.35 (1.01–1.82) 1.16 (0.84–1.60) 0.241
  1. Logistic regression models with 95% confidence interval were used
  2. Crude: no adjustment. Model 1 adjusted for age and sex. Model 2 adjusted further for baseline smoking, physical activity, energy intake, BMI, and education of participants
  3. Q Quartile, MetS metabolic syndrome, EDIP empirical dietary inflammatory pattern, WC waist circumference, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglyceride