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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population across quartile of EDIP score

From: Empirical dietary inflammatory pattern and risk of metabolic syndrome and its components: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

Characteristics EDIP score
Q1 (n = 554) (< 0.36) Q2 (n = 565) (0.36–0.55) Q3 (n = 549) (0.55–81) Q4 (n = 548) (0.81–6.9) P
Age (years) 38.9 ± 11.6 36.6 ± 13.2 39.7 ± 12.3 41.3 ± 13.1 0.001
Men (%) 37.9 43.0 58.8 52.6 0.001
Current smoker (%) 10.3 9.7 11.2 9.0 0.004
Physical activity (MET/h/week) 19.1 ± 29.7 20.7 ± 31.4 19.8 ± 31.6 20.5 ± 30.9 0.852
BMI (kg/m2) 25.8 ± 4.1 26.2 ± 4.1 26.1 ± 4.2 25.7 ± 3.8 0.416
WC (cm) 88.1 ± 10.2 89.2 ± 10.5 89.2 ± 10.4 98.4 ± 10.1 0.195
SBP (mmHg) 107 ± 11.4 108 ± 12.2 108 ± 12.1 110 ± 11.6 0.001
DBP (mmHg) 72.3 ± 8.5 72.1 ± 8.9 72.8 ± 8.7 72.8 ± 8.5 0.279
FBG (mg/dl) 91.5 ± 13.9 92.4 ± 11.5 92.4 ± 14.8 92.5 ± 9.2 0.526
HDL-C (mg/dl) 51.1 ± 12.2 50.2 ± 11.4 49.2 ± 10.9 49.0 ± 10.6 0.008
TG (mg/dl) 110 ± 58.7 115 ± 58.8 109 ± 52.1 116 ± 64.7 0.161
EDIP score 0.21 ± 0.15 0.45 ± 0.05 0.67 ± 0.07 1.13 ± 0.41 0.001
  1. Data are mean ± SD unless otherwise states (analysis of variance and Chi square test was used for continuous and dichotomous variables, respectively)
  2. EDIP scores were recorded as pro-inflammatory diets with more positive scores and anti-inflammatory diets with more negative scores
  3. Q Quartile, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG Triglyceride, EDIP empirical dietary inflammatory pattern