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Table 2 Biochemical features of diabetic patients with hyperglycemic crises and the healthy controls (x ± s)

From: Oxidative stress and adipokine levels were significantly correlated in diabetic patients with hyperglycemic crises

  Control DKA NKH
Before treatment After treatment Before treatment After treatment
Blood glucose (mmol/L) 5.18 ± 2.76 23.09 ± 9.43a 7.26 ± 4.60b 25.86 ± 11.66a 7.95 ± 4.38b
HbA1c (%) 5.60 ± 1.28 13.87 ± 9.51a   14.78 ± 6.28a  
APH 7.39 ± 2.11 7.19 ± 4.78a 7.37 ± 3.15b 7.38 ± 3.01 7.39 ± 4.64
HCO3(mmol/L) 24.12 ± 2.20 12.35 ± 1.98a 23.85 ± 2.67b 23.43 ± 2.62 23.55 ± 3.25
Ketones in urine +
Effective osmolality (mmol/L) 284.20 ± 14.71 280.43 ± 16.04 282.76 ± 14.39 290.62 ± 18.71 291.53 ± 20.35
Anion gaps (mmol/L) 12.11 ± 3.10 29.15 ± 5.88a 13.56 ± 4.04b 12.87 ± 4.80 11.38 ± 5.18
C-peptide (nmol/L) 0.76 ± 0.07 0.34 ± 0.05a 0.35 ± 0.09a 0.41 ± 0.09a 0.43 ± 0.09a
  1. DKA: diabetic ketoacidosis group; NKH: non-ketotic hyperglycemia group; control group: healthy individuals
  2. aP < 0.05, compared with controls
  3. bP < 0.05, compared with the same group before treatment