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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants under study

From: Probiotic assisted weight management as a main factor for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial

Variable placebo group (n = 20) Intervention group (n = 20) p. value
Age (year)a 45.00 (5.37) 43.95 (8.14) 0.629
Diabetes duration (month)a 3.67 (4.00) 4.00 (3.81) 0.794
Sexb
 Male 7 (35.0) 7 (35.0) 1.00
 Female 13 (65.0) 13 (65.0)  
Physical activityb
 Non-active 10 (50.0) 5 (25.0) 0.247
 Light-active 8 (40.0) 11 (55.0)  
 Active 1 (5.0) 3 (15.0)  
 Heavy-active 1 (5.0) 1 (5.0)  
Diet therapy (year)b
 Yes 9 (45.0) 8 (40.0) 0.749
 No 11 (55.0) 12 (60.0)  
Glibenclamideb
 Not used 13 (65.0) 12 (60.0) 0.744
 Using more than 1/day 7 (35.0) 8 (40.0)  
Metforminb
 1–2 tablet/day 9 (45.0) 8 (40.0) 0.749
 3–4 tablet/day 11 (55.0) 12 (60.0)  
  1. aData are expressed as mean (SD) and p value based on independent t-test
  2. bFrequency (percent) is reported and p-value based on Chi squared test