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Table 1 Comparison of demographic, clinical and admission characteristics between study participants in those with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus

From: Evaluating the Diabetes–Cardiology interface: a glimpse into the diabetes management of cardiology inpatients in western Sydney’s ‘diabetes hotspot’ and the establishment of a novel model of care

Parameter Non-T2D T2D P-value
N 136 99  
Male (N, %) 85 (63%) 54 (54%) NS
Mean age (years) 62 ± 17 67 ± 13 < 0.01*
Country of birth
 Australia/NA 88 84 NS
 Europe 17 19 NS
 Asia 10 15 NS
 Middle East 6 5 NS
 India 6 4 NS
 Pacific Islands 5 6 NS
 Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander 3 1 NS
 New Zealand 3 1 NS
 Africa 1 1 NS
Overweight (BMI 25–29.9 kg/m2) (N)** 41** 21** 0.001*
Obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) (N)** 37** 45**  0.01*
Pre-diabetes (N; %) 72 (53)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 28 ± 5 32 ± 8 < 0.001*
Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c)
 mmol/mol 39 ± 3 55 ± 9  < 0.001* 
 % 5.7 ± 0.4 7.3 ± 1.3  
Admission details
Primary reason for admission
 Chest pain 35 (26) 28 (29)  < 0.0001***
 Ischaemic heart disease 7 (5) 21 (21)
 Heart failure 13 (10) 18 (18)
 Arrhythmias 35 (26) 9 (9)
 Other heart disease 24 (18) 11 (11)
 Other (deemed non-cardiac) 21 (15) 12 (12)
Length of stay (hours) 101 ± 130 144 ± 140  0.01*
National weighted activity unit (NWAU) 1.35 ± 1.52 1.72 ± 1.46  0.07
  1. Values are shown as N (%) and mean ± SD; T2D, type 2 diabetes mellitus. *denotes statistical significance at P value < 0.05; **indicates some data missing or not recorded; ***denotes significant differences in distribution using Chi square test (P value < 0.05). Values in parentheses indicate percentage of the cohort; NS not statistically significant