Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariate relative risks and population attributable fractions (PAF) for Type 2 diabetes onset in Norwegian adults associated with metabolic, behavioural and psychological risk factors (N = 36,161)

From: Population attributable fractions for Type 2 diabetes: an examination of multiple risk factors including symptoms of depression and anxiety

Behaviourala MetSynb Depression Anxiety Concurrent dep–anx # exposed Exposure prevalence (%) Diabetes cases RR (95% CI) PAF
0 0 0 0 0 7602 21.02 123 1.00  
0 0 1 0 0 803 2.22 10 0.93 (0.49, 1.76)
0 0 0 1 0 1461 4.04 13 0.56 (0.32, 0.98)
0 0 0 0 1 1319 3.65 25 1.31 (0.85, 2.00)
1 0 0 0 0 11,309 31.27 218 1.13 (0.91, 1.41)
1 0 1 0 0 1256 3.47 24 1.30 (0.85, 2.00)
1 0 0 1 0 2447 6.77 52 1.26 (0.91, 1.73)
1 0 0 0 1 2435 6.73 56 1.49 (1.09, 2.04) 1.4
0 1 0 0 0 1561 4.32 145 4.42 (3.49, 5.60) 8.4
0 1 1 0 0 135 0.37 15 6.87 (4.16, 11.35) 1.0
0 1 0 1 0 278 0.77 30 4.88 (3.17, 7.53) 1.8
0 1 0 0 1 255 0.71 22 5.46 (3.74, 7.97) 1.4
1 1 0 0 0 3493 9.66 376 5.26 (4.30, 6.42) 22.9
1 1 1 0 0 342 0.95 39 6.13 (4.36, 8.62) 2.5
1 1 0 1 0 766 2.12 81 5.29 (4.03, 6.93) 4.9
1 1 0 0 1 699 1.93 95 7.47 (5.79, 9.64) 6.2
   Total    36,161 100 1324   50.5
  1. Adjusted for age and sex
  2. aPhysical inactivity and smoking factors
  3. bMetabolic syndrome (as defined by the International Diabetes Federation [28])