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Table 2 Multivariate relative risk of incident Type 2 diabetes in HUNT 2–3 cohort, by sex

From: Population attributable fractions for Type 2 diabetes: an examination of multiple risk factors including symptoms of depression and anxiety

  Women (n = 20,014) Men (n = 16,147) All (n = 36,161)
RR 95% CI RR 95% CI RR 95% CI
Demographic factors
 Age
  20–34 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  35–44 2.42 1.57, 3.74 2.97 1.90, 4.63 2.68 1.97, 3.65
  45–54 3.53 2.33, 5.36 4.45 2.90, 6.83 3.82 2.84, 5.14
  55–64 4.23 2.76, 6.48 5.68 3.68, 8.77 4.72 3.50, 6.37
  ≥ 65 2.97 1.88, 4.70 5.41 3.43, 8.52 3.88 2.83, 5.32
  Education (any post-secondary) 1.20 0.96, 1.50 1.19 1.00, 1.44 1.20 1.04, 1.38
Metabolic factors
 Central obesitya 4.77 3.64, 6.25 3.31 2.75, 3.99 3.59 3.08, 4.18
 Hypertensionb 1.67 1.37, 2.04 1.49 1.22, 1.81 1.54 1.34, 1.77
 Triglycerides 1.98 1.63, 2.41 1.79 1.47, 2.19 1.77 1.55, 2.03
 HDL cholesterol 2.13 1.78, 2.54 1.84 1.57, 2.16 1.86 1.66, 2.10
 Plasma glucose 3.68 2.40, 4.03 5.58 3.31, 6.90 4.05 3.55, 4.62
Behavioural factors
 Smoking
  Never Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Former (daily) 0.87 0.71, 1.07 1.43 1.18, 1.72 1.13 0.99, 1.29
  Current (daily) 0.99 0.82, 1.22 1.50 1.22, 1.85 1.21 1.05, 1.39
  Physical inactivityc 1.05 0.88, 1.24 1.38 1.18, 1.61 1.23 1.08, 1.36
Psychological factors
 Depression only 1.14 0.63, 2.08 1.94 1.34, 2.83 1.37 1.01, 1.87
 Anxiety only 1.24 0.92, 1.68 1.16 0.62, 2.16 1.16 0.76, 1.80
 Concurrent Dep–anx 0.93 0.56, 1.55 1.50 1.13, 2.00 1.36 1.10, 1.68
  1. aWaist circumference ≥ 94 cm for men; ≥ 80 for women
  2. bSystolic blood pressure > 130 mmHg or diastolic > 85 mmHg
  3. cLess than 150 min of moderate or 60 min of vigorous physical activity per week