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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the HUNT 2–3 cohort

From: Population attributable fractions for Type 2 diabetes: an examination of multiple risk factors including symptoms of depression and anxiety

  Women (n = 20,014) Men (n = 16,147) All (N = 36,161)
Demographic factors
 Age (mean, SD) 46.8 (13.7) 47.3 (13.1) 47.0 (13.4)
 20–34 22.1% 19.5% 20.9%
 35–44 24.3% 24.2% 24.3%
 45–54 26.7% 27.9% 26.7%
 55–64 17.0% 17.7% 17.0%
 ≥ 65 11.5% 10.6% 11.1%
 Education (any post-secondary) 33.2% 30.1% 31.8%
Metabolic factors  
 Central obesitya 47.9% 36.9% 42.9%
 Hypertensionb 46.2% 66.5% 55.3%
 Triglycerides (high) 28.5% 48.5% 37.4%
 HDL cholesterol (low) 24.9% 29.1% 26.8%
 Plasma glucose (high) 2.1% 3.3% 2.6%
 Metabolic syndrome present 20.2% 23.1% 21.5%
Behavioural factors
 Smoking (packyears, mean) 12.8 (10.2) 17.2 (13.6) 14.9 (12.1)
 Former smoking (daily) 24.2% 33.5% 28.4%
 Current smoking (daily) 27.9% 24.5% 26.4%
 Physical inactivityc 54.3% 48.2% 51.5%
Psychological factors
 Depression only 1.9% 1.3% 1.6%
 Anxiety only 5.3% 4.5% 4.9%
 Concurrent dep–anx 2.6% 1.9% 2.3%
 All (dep or anx) 9.8% 7.7% 8.8%
  1. aWaist circumference ≥ 94 cm for men; ≥ 80 for women
  2. bSystolic blood pressure > 130 mmHg or diastolic > 85 mmHg
  3. cLess than 150 min of moderate or 60 min of vigorous physical activity per week