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Table 2 End of trial means of metabolic characteristic across the study groups

From: Comparative effects of vitamin D and vitamin C supplementations with and without endurance physical activity on metabolic syndrome patients: a randomized controlled trial

Variables Groups (n = 141) P valueg
Vit D (n = 24)a Vita D + PA (n = 21)b Vit C (n = 26)c Vit C + PA (n = 23)d Placebo (n = 25)e Placebo + PA (n = 22)f
Weight (kg) 84.9 ± 16.7 79 ± 11 79.5 ± 12.9 77.9 ± 13.4 82.3 ± 13.8 73.6 ± 12.5 .124
BMI (kg/m2) 33.3 ± 6 32.2 ± 4 311.4 ± 6 31.7 ± 5.6 32.8 ± 4.2 29.7 ± 4.7 .231
WC (cm) 109.1 ± 8.2 107.2 ± 7.5 107 ± 9.9 103.6 ± 8.4 106.2 ± 9.7 107.9 ± 10.4 .442
FPG (mg/dL) 97.8 ± 7.7 97.7 ± 8.7 105 ± 13.3 100.7 ± 8.4 108 ± 19.2 98.9 ± 10.7 .012
SBP (mmHg) 121.3 ± 9.2 126.2 ± 8.9 129.2 ± 8.6 173 ± 252.4 126.6 ± 12 123 ± 12 .514
DBP (mmHg) 80.1 ± 5.8 81.7 ± 5.3 81.9 ± 5 79.6 ± 4.5 81.6 ± 6.7 80.2 ± 6.7 .643
TC (mg/dL) 160.5 ± 33.4 81.7 ± 31.3 180.2 ± 31.9 175.1 ± 29.9 196.8 ± 39.4 184.8 ± 28.1 .009
TG (mg/dL) 233.8 ± 97 178 ± 80.8 246.1 ± 90.3 151.2 ± 53.8 158.6 ± 35.4 155.6 ± 57.7 .001
LDL-C (mg/dL) 107 ± 36.6 138.3 ± 31.4 124.3 ± 39.6 134.5 ± 28.2 158.8 ± 39 145.8 ± 30.2 .001
HDL-C (mg/dL) 33.7 ± 10.6 39.1 ± 10 33.2 ± 10.1 51.9 ± 20.6 31.8 ± 7.1 38.9 ± 9.8 .001
Vit D (ng/mL) 23.2 ± 4.9 29 ± 5.5 12.6 ± 4 18.9 ± 4.5 .001
Vit C (ng/mL) 1.4 ± .3 1.7 ± .3 .9 ± .4 1.1 ± .3 .001
  1. Data are mean ± standard deviation (SD)
  2. PA, physical activity; BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumferences; FPG, fasting blood sugar; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; HDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  3. aReceiving 2000 IU vitamin D per day
  4. bReceiving 2000 IU vitamin D per day plus 30 min endurance physical activity
  5. cReceiving 500 mg vitamin C per day
  6. dReceiving 500 mg vitamin C per day plus 30 min endurance physical activity
  7. eReceiving one placebo per day
  8. fReceiving one placebo per day plus 30 min endurance physical activity
  9. gObtained from ANOVA or Chi square test, where appropriate