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Table 3 Results of the autonomic function tests in T1DM patients (N = 37)

From: Cochlear dysfunction and microvascular complications in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Autonomic function test Normal Borderline Abnormal
Valsalva test 29/37 (78%) 6/37 (16%) 2/37 (6%)
Deep breathing test 24/37 (65%) 3/37 (8%) 10/37 (27%)
Lying-to-standing test 27/37 (73%) 10/37 (27%) 0/37