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Table 3 Results of the effectiveness of educational intervention on fears, concerns, and discomforts related to dietary adherence in T2D patients

From: Effectiveness of educational intervention based on psychological factors on achieving health outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes

Variable Time group Baseline mean ± SD 3-month follow-up mean ± SD p-value*
Concerns caused by economic difficulties Intervention 71.75 ± 20.73 46.06 ± 16.25 0.000
Control 75.00 ± 16.39 74.13 ± 16.56 0.425
p-value** 0.455 0.000
Fears and concerns about complications of adherence to a diabetic diet Intervention 71.23 ± 15.65 42.53 ± 9.17 0.000
Control 72.99 ± 11.09 72.64 ± 11.13 0.965
p-value** 0.674 0.000
Concerns about feeling like a burden and inattention by family members Intervention 67.47 ± 20.60 42.98 ± 13.82 0.000
Control 68.40 ± 16.78 67.36 ± 14.47 0.371
p-value** 0.890 0.000
Discomforts caused by life-changing miseries Intervention 72.77 ± 16.32 47.09 ± 14.06 0.000
Control 72.57 ± 18.37 69.79 ± 17.27 0.057
p-value** 0.876 0.000
  1. * Wilcoxon signed-rank test, ** Mann–Whitney U test