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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the study participants in both intervention and control groups before the intervention

From: Effectiveness of educational intervention based on psychological factors on achieving health outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes

Variable Group Intervention group
mean (standard deviation)
frequency (percentage)
Control group
mean (standard deviation)
frequency (percentage)
p-value
Age 55.93 (12.4) 54.53 (9.43) 0.436
Gender Male 24 (32.9) 22 (30.6) 0.764
Female 49 (67.01) 50 (69.4)
Disease duration 6.05 (4.46) 6 (6.99) 0.241
Family history of disease Yes 40 (54.8) 39 (54.2) 0.939
No 33 (45.2) 33 (45.8)
Marital status Single, divorced, deceased spouse 4 (5.5) 1 (1.4) 0.366
Married 69 (54.5) 71 (98.6)
BMI 27.65 (3.08) 27.49 (3.79) 0.778
Employment status Employed 19 (26.02) 18 (25) 0.820
Stay-at-home 46 (63.01) 48 (66.66)
Unemployed 8 (10.95) 6 (8.33)
Level of income Less than 1 million tomans (250 US dollars) 26 (35.6) 27 (37.5) 0.601
1 to 1.5 million tomans (250–375 US dollars) 30 (41.1) 33 (45.8)
More than 1.5 million tomans (375 US dollars) 17 (23.3) 12 (16.7)
Place of residence City 47 (64.4) 47 (65.3) 0.910
Village 26 (35.6) 25 (34.7)
Level of education Illiterate 39 (53.4) 43 (59.7) 0.365
Lower than high school diploma 20 (27.4) 24 (33.3)
High school diploma and higher 14 (19.2) 5 (7)
Life network Alone 3 (4.1) 2 (2.8) 0.660
Living with family 70 (95.9) 70 (97.2)