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Table 3 The odds ratios of type 2 diabetes across three dietary patterns

From: Association between dietary protein intake and type 2 diabetes varies by dietary pattern

Dietary pattern HR (%) OR1 OR2 OR3 OR4
Legumes and seafood 6.1 1 1 1 1
Red meat 6.8 1.33 (1.05, 1.66) 1.38 (1.09, 1.75) 1.43 (1.11, 1.85) 1.49 (1.15, 1.97)
Refined grains 6.5 1.23 (0.99, 1.55) 1.39 (1.10, 1.78) 1.40 (1.11, 1.80) 1.45 (1.12, 1.91)
  1. Model 1: adjusted age (continuous), sex (male, female); Model 2: Model 1 + PAL (continuous), smoking status (yes, no), alcohol consumption (yes, no), coffee consumption (yes, no), tea consumption (yes, no), annual income (< 9000; 9000–15,000; > 15,000–25,000; > 25,000) and education (low, middle, high); Model 3: Model 2 + total energy intake (continuous), carbohydrate to energy ratio from refined grains or tubers, from the other plant sources (continuous), energy-adjusted intake (continuous) of total protein, SFA, PUFA, MUFA, fiber, and cholesterol; Model 4: Model 3 + BMI (continuous)