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Table 4 Association pattern between duration of DM, MA, papillary excavation and DR

From: Diabetic retinopathy among Brazilian Xavante Indians

Duration of DM Total Diabetic retinopathy
n %
≤ 24 months
 Microalbuminuria normal 40 0 0
 Microalbuminuria abnormal 17 2 11.8
> 24 months
 Papillary excavation 0.1–0.4 60 20 33.3
 Papillary excavation 0.5–0.9 7 5 71.4