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Table 3 Correlation between studied adipokines and clinical parameters of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus

From: Adipose tissue-derived cytokines and their correlations with clinical characteristics in Vietnamese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Clinical characteristics Leptin (ng/ml) Resistin (ng/ml) Visfatin (ng/ml) MCP-1 (pg/ml) SFRP5 (ng/ml) RBP4 (ng/ml)
ρ (rho) P value ρ (rho) P value ρ (rho) P value ρ (rho) P value ρ (rho) P value ρ (rho) P value
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) − 0.035 0.57 − 0.32 <0.0001 − 0.22 0.006 − 0.42 <0.0001 − 0.25 0.001 0.4 <0.0001
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.13 0.043 − 0.13 0.048 0.12 0.15 − 0.02 0.75 − 0.05 0.54 0.16 0.038
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 0.17 0.006 0.014 0.84 0.1 0.2 0.005 0.94 0.14 0.092 − 0.02 0.76
HDL-C (mmol/l) − 0.007 0.91 0.082 0.21 − 0.03 0.71 0.065 0.3 0.051 0.53 − 0.16 0.015
LDL-C (mmol/l) 0.15 0.02 0.095 0.15 − 0.002 0.98 − 0.02 0.76 0.28 <0.0001 − 0.04 0.57
Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (%) 0.03 0.64 − 0.29 <0.0001 − 0.17 0.34 − 0.35 <0.0001 − 0.18 0.023 0.41 <0.0001
Insulin (mIU/l) 0.43 <0.0001 0.05 0.47 − 0.03 0.68 − 0.02 0.71 − 0.03 0.73 − 0.07 0.29
HOMA-IR 0.31 <0.0001 − 0.14 0.34 − 0.15 0.064 − 0.25 <0.0001 − 0.17 0.031 0.14 0.029
QUICKI − 0.29 <0.0001 0.13 0.057 0.17 0.038 0.26 <0.0001 0.19 0.019 − 0.14 0.029
HOMA-β 0.3 <0.0001 0.33 <0.0001 0.14 0.084 0.33 <0.0001 0.21 0.007 0.37 <0.0001
  1. The correlations between studied adipokines and clinical parameters of overweight and T2DM were calculated by using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. Spearman’s rho (ρ) and P values are presented
  2. HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, HOMA-IR Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance, QUICKI Quantitative Insulin Sensitivity Check Index, HOMA-β homeostatic model assessment-β-cell function