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Table 1 Baseline and postoperative characteristics of patients, according to vital status (after 1-year follow-up)

From: Post-operative stress hyperglycemia is a predictor of mortality in liver transplantation

Variable Survivors at 1 year (n = 542) Non-survivors at 1 year (n = 90) P value
Age, years 51 ± 11 55 ± 12 0.001
Males, n (%) 416 (77) 58 (64) 0.012
Body mass index, kg/m2 26.9 ± 3.9 26.5 ± 3.4 0.288
Diabetes, n (%) 111 (20) 14 (16) 0.513
Aetiology, n (%)
 Alcohol 338 (62) 48 (53) 0.220
 HCV 109 (20) 21 (23) 0.484
 Malignant 143 (26) 31 (34) 0.113
 Fulminant 24 (4) 9 (10) 0.021
MELD 13 ± 6 17 ± 8 < 0.001
Glucose, mg/dL 130 ± 74 128 ± 72 0.709
Creatinine, mg/dL 0.9 ± 0.5 0.9 ± 0.4 0.221
CIT, hours 7.5 ± 2.2 7.7 ± 2.2 0.330
RBC transfusion, units 5 [2, 10] 10 [4, 17] < 0.001
PT, units 0 [0, 1] 0 [0, 2] 0.170
PN, days 4 [3, 6] 6 [4, 10] < 0.001
CVVHDF, n (%) 60 (11) 17 (18) 0.044
Metilprednisolona 537 (99) 89 (99) 0.759
Tacrolimus 444 (83) 89 (99) 0.058
Ciclosporina 161 (30) 20 (22) 0.156
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SD or medians [25th percentile, 75th percentile]
  2. Pre-operative glucose and creatinine levels are shown
  3. BMI body mass index, CIT cold ischaemia time, CVVHDF continuous veno-venous haemodiafiltration, HCV hepatitis C virus, MELD Model for End-stage Liver Disease score, PN parenteral nutrition, PT platelet requirements, RBC red blood cell requirements