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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients and controls

From: Sarcopenia: a chronic complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus

  CG DG p value
Age (years) 65.92 ± 8.84 65.84 ± 8.82 0.9513
Weight (Kg) 66.09 ± 9.97 72.32 ± 12.00  
Height (m) 1.59 ± 0.08 1,6 ± 0.09  
BMI (Kg/m2) 25.96 ± 2.55* 28.16 ± 3.89* < 0.0001
WC (cm) 86.20 ± 9.92 96.10 ± 11.80 < 0.0001
Calcium intake (mg/day) 680 ± 425* 400 ± 304* < 0.0001
Gender (n (%)) 1.0
Female 59 (71%) 59 (71%)  
Male 24 (29%) 24 (29%)  
Ethnicity
White 81 (97.6%) 79 (95.2%) 0.4459
Black 2 (2.4%) 4 (4.8%)  
Past history of fracture 18 (21%) 32(38%) 0.018
Current smoking 1 (1.2%) 5 (6%) 0.367
Current alcohol intake NA 5 (6%)
Healthy diet (portions/day) 0.01
0–3 23 (27%) 38 (45%)  
4 or more 60 (82%) 45 (54%)  
  1. Values presented in Mean ± SD
  2. Kg kilograms, m meters, cm centimeters, n number, WC waist circumference, NA not available
  3. * p < 0.05