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Table 4 Association between metabolic syndrome components and presence or absence of obstructive sleep apnea

From: Prevalence and severity of syndrome Z in women with metabolic syndrome on waiting list for bariatric surgery: a cross-sectional study

Variables AHI <5 AHI ≥5   95% CI  
(n = 20) (n = 63) OR Lower Upper P value
HDL <40/50 16 (80) 62 (98) 15.5 1.6 148.4 **
Fasting glycose >100 mg/dl 9 (45) 55 (87) 8.4 2.6 26.5 ***
Arterial hypertension 12 (60) 61 (96) 20.3 3.8 107.8 ***
Triglycerides >150 mg/dl 10 (50) 62 (98) 62.0 7.1 538.3 ***
  1. Number of subjects (% in the group)
  2. AHI apnea–hypopnea index, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, HDL high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
  3. ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001