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Table 1 Clinical and metabolic characteristics of the study population)

From: Association of the leptin-to-adiponectin ratio with metabolic syndrome in a sub-Saharan African population

  Men (n = 167) Women (n = 309) p value
Age 55 ± 23 50 ± 20 <0.0001
Weight (kg) 71.00 ± 23.00 70.00 ± 25.00 0.984
Height (m) 1.70 ± 0.20 1.60 ± 0.10 <0.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 25.30 ± 6.30 28.00 ± 6.60 <0.0001
WC (cm) 91.04 ± 12.6 93.58 ± 14.0 0.091
WHR (cm) 0.91 ± 0.09 0.87 ± 0.09 <0.0001
BF (%) 22.90 ± 8.62 34.00 ± 10.42 <0.0001
SBP (mm Hg) 137 ± 37 128 ± 33 <0.0001
DBP (mm Hg) 86 ± 21 82 ± 20 0.006
Blood glucose (mmol/L) [mg/dL] 5.0 ± 1.10 [90.9 ± 20] 4.80 ± 1.15 [87.3 ± 20.9] 0.204
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) [mg/dL] 4.14 ± 1.07 [165.6 ± 42.8] 4.45 ± 1.16 [178 ± 46.4] 0.05
Triglycerides (mmol/L) [mg/dL] 1.20 ± 0.45 [109.9 ± 40.9] 1.26 ± 0.35 [114.5 ± 31.8] 0.024
LDL-c (mmol/L) [mg/dL] 1.48 ± 0.97 [59.2 ± 38.8] 1.78 ± 1.17 [71.2 ± 46.8] 0.031
HDL-c (mmol/L) [mg/dL] 2.13 ± 0.99 [85.2 ± 39.6] 2.14 ± 0.91 [85.6 ± 36.4] 0.763
Insulin (µU/mL) 2.14 ± 2.16 2.73 ± 2.47 0.020
HOMA-IR 8.64 ± 0.25 11.05 ± 11.13 0.031
Adiponectin (µg/mL) 7.65 ± 5.55 10.75 ± 8.90 0.038
Leptin (ng/mL) 4.80 ± 6.20 18.50 ± 24.40 <0.0001
  1. WC values are means (standard deviation); except for WC, values are median (interquartile range)
  2. WC waist circumference, BF% body fat percentage, BMI body mass index, WHR waist-hip ratio, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, LDL-c low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, HDL-c high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance