Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Clinical variables of the 101 hypertensive patients with or without arterial stiffness

From: Low serum adiponectin level is associated with metabolic syndrome and is an independent marker of peripheral arterial stiffness in hypertensive patients

Variables Low arterial stiffness group (n = 29) High arterial stiffness group (n = 72) P value
Age (years) 64.00 ± 8.90 65.24 ± 9.88 0.560
Height (cm) 160.21 ± 6.80 161.70 ± 8.93 0.419
Body weight (kg) 63.59 ± 10.28 72.21 ± 13.23 0.002*
Waist circumference (cm) 86.03 ± 10.36 96.32 ± 10.72 <0.001*
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.80 ± 3.81 27.48 ± 3.65 0.001*
Left baPWV (m/s) 11.24 ± 2.40 16.82 ± 2.32 <0.001*
Right baPWV (m/s) 11.15 ± 2.48 16.99 ± 2.60 <0.001*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 123.79 ± 14.84 137.32 ± 15.87 <0.001*
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 70.34 ± 9.08 76.21 ± 10.93 0.012*
Pulse pressure (mmHg) 53.45 ± 13.83 61.11 ± 14.86 0.019*
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 178.93 ± 40.20 172.15 ± 41.17 0.453
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 105.00 (63.50–130.00) 143.00 (101.75–208.50) 0.001*
HDL-C (mg/dL) 50.17 ± 11.71 43.00 ± 13.10 0.012*
LDL-C (mg/dL) 106.62 ± 30.51 100.54 ± 32.00 0.384
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 99.00 (93.00–123.50) 113.00 (98.00–158.50) 0.066
Blood urea nitrogen (mg/dL) 16.72 ± 5.94 17.64 ± 5.67 0.471
Creatinine (mg/dL) 1.05 ± 0.33 1.16 ± 0.32 0.132
Glomerular filtration rate (mL/min) 75.76 ± 20.76 66.18 ± 19.11 0.029*
Total calcium (mg/dL) 9.07 ± 0.36 9.16 ± 0.39 0.286
Phosphorus (mg/dL) 3.46 ± 0.51 3.53 ± 0.53 0.531
Calcium-phosphorous product (mg2/dL2) 31.40 ± 5.05 32.37 ± 5.34 0.405
Intact parathyroid hormone (pg/mL) 51.10 (36.15–69.05) 44.40 (29.00–58.60) 0.224
C-reactive protein (mg/dL) 0.16 (0.12–0.20) 0.23 (0.16–0.32) <0.001*
Insulin (uIU/mL) 9.61 (5.52–18.66) 13.79 (9.10–27.04) 0.027*
HOMA1-IR 2.76 (1.62–4.70) 3.89 (2.59–8.55) 0.026*
HOMA2-IR 1.30 (0.78–2.38) 1.96 (1.27–3.70) 0.020*
Adiponectin (μg/mL) 39.91 (27.06–52.88) 26.89 (21.15–34.41) <0.001*
  1. Values for continuous variables given as mean ± standard deviation and compared by Student’s t test; variables not normally distributed given as medians and interquartile range and compared by Mann–Whitney U test
  2. baPWV brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, iPTH intact parathyroid hormone, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance
  3. * P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant